Bible Study Outline on Queen Esther

Search for a Young Virgin in the Kingdom to Become the Queen




King Ahasuerus decided to find another queen after he divorced Queen Vashti. He divorced Queen Vashti because she refused to come before him and show off her beauty to the people. HIs personal attendants suggested that searches be made for young virgins for the king.

There was a young Jewish man called Mordecai who lived in the citadel of Susa after he was carried into exile from Jerusalem. Mordecai had a orphan cousin, called Hadassah, whom he had helped to bring up. Her name is also known as Esther. Esther was among one of the many women that were taken into the palace.

Before going to the king, each woman had to go through 12 months of beauty treatments. In the first 6 months, the young woman will be treated with oil of myrrh. In the second 6 months, the young woman will be treated with perfumes. Esther followed Hegai’s suggestions and she won the favor of others. She entered into the royal residence in the month of Tebeth, the 10th month.

King Ahasuerus liked Esther more than oher women so he crowned her as the queen. After that, King Ahasuerus held a large banquet, proclaimed a holiday and distributed gifts to the people.


Mordecai Prevented an Assassination Attempt




Mordecai already become a guard at the king’s gate when the virgins came together for the second time. Modercai reported the conspiration of Bigthana and Teresh to assasinate King Ahasuerus.When it was found that the report is true, the two officials were impaled on the poles. The incident was recorded in the book of annals.

Haman’s Plan to Destroy the Jews




At this time, King Ahasuerus promoted Haman into the highest official in the kingdom. Haman noticed that Mordecai don’t bow down to pay honor to Haman so he was enraged. Mordecai refused to bow down to Haman because he was a Jew. When Haman found out that Mordecai was a Jew, he plotted to kill all the Jews in the kingdom.


Mordecai Asked for Esther’s Help


Broca Permission to Speak full

Haman suggested to King Ahasuerus that he issue a decree to destroy the Jews. According to Haman, the Jews were disobedient to the king’s laws so the king should not tolerate them.  On the 13th of the first month, the royal secretary put in words the script into the languages of 127 provinces and sealed it with King Ahasuerus’ ring. After that, dispatchers sent the decree to all the provinces. The script contained order to destroy all the Jews. When the Jews read the king’s order, they became sad.

When Mordecai learned about the news, he tore his clothes, wore sack clothes, put ashes and go around wailing loudly. Esther sent clothes for Mordecai when she found out about it. However, Mordecai refused to put on the clothes. After that, Esther sent Hathak, the eunuch that attended her to ask Mordecai why he was troubled.

When Hathak asked Mordecai, Mordecai told him all about it and gave him a copy of the edict published in Susa. Mordecai asked Esther to go to the king and beg him to have mercy on the people. At first, Esther was reluctant to help. She agreed to help after Mordecai rebuked him, saying they would eventually find a way to escape, but she and her father’s family will perish. Before Esther go into the king’s presence, she asked the Jews in Susa to fast with her for 3 days.

On the 3rd day, Esther wore her royal robe and went into the king’s hall. The king led out his scepter and asked her what she want. She replied she wanted the king and Haman to come to a dinner she had prpared.

Both the king and Haman attended Esther’s banquet. While they were drinking, the king asked Esther what does she want. In turn, Esther replied that she will answer the question after the king and Haman to attend another banquet that she prepare for them tomorrow.

The next day, the king and Haman attended Esther’s banquet. During the meal, the king asked Esther what does she want again. This time, Esther revealed the evil plot of Haman to kill her and her people. King Ahasuerus was angry when he learned about it and he went into the palace garden.

Haman stayed behind to beg for his life. When King Ahasuerus return from the palace garden, he saw Haman falling on the couch where Esther was reclining and he got even more furious. Haman’s face was covered and he was impaled on the 50 cubits tall pole that he had constructed for Mordecai.


Esther Saved the Jews



King Ahasuerus gave Esther the permission to write another decree to overrule the decree that Haman had dispatched. Mordecai was put in charge over Haman’s estate. He was also promoted and now wear royal garments of blue and white, a large crown of gold and a purple robe of fine linen.

The royal secretaries put down Mordecai’s orders on the script and sent to the 127 provinces. The order ruled that the Jews can defend themselves againat the enemies on the 13th of the twelth month, Adar. The Jews celebrated after reading the law published in their cities. A large number of people of other nationalities became Jews because they were afraid of getting killed during the war.The

On the 13th of Adar, the Jews killed the enemies. he 10 sons of Haman were also killed. Esther requested that the 10 sons of Haman be impaled on the poles and the king ordered it to be done. Esther begged the king to extend the edict to the next day so that the Jews also come together to kill the enemies on the 14th of Adar.

The Jews celebrated the victory by giving food and gifts to the poor. This festival is called Purim. Queen Esther and Mordecai wrote letters to the 127 provinces to confirm the celebration of Purim.


What Can We Learn from Esther?



Esther was courageous. She risked her life to beseech the king to beg him to save the Jews. Anyone who go into the king’s presence without being summoned will die if the king did not hold out the scepter. We must be courageous at necessary circumstances in order to carry out the king’s commandment. In whatever situation, you must seek God in prayer and ask him to help you.

I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me. (Philippians 4:13 KJV)

Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the Lord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest. (Joshua 1:9 KJV)

Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the Lord thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee. (Deuteronomy 31:6 KJV)

Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. (Romans 8:37 KJV)

And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. (Romans 8:28 KJV)