1 Corinthians 9 Outline
– Paul prove his status as an apostle of God (1 Corinthians 9:1-2)
– Paul has the right to receive material support from the church (1 Corinthians 9:3-14)
– Paul is compelled to preach the gospel because of God’s calling in him (1 Corinthians 9:15-18)
– Paul became all things to win as many people to Christ (1 Corinthians 9:19-23)
– Run the race to win the crown of righteousness (1 Corinthians 9:24-27)
1 Corinthians 9 Bible Study
In 1 Corinthians 9:1-2, it is proof that Paul is an apostle of God by stating that he is under authority of Jesus Christ, he has seen the Lord Jesus Christ, and that the Corinthians are his work. Paul preached the gospel to the Corinthians and converted them to Christianity. Paul is defending his apostleship because some Corinthians doubted about his status as an apostle of God.
In 1 Corinthians 9:3-6, Paul asserted that he has the right to receive living support from the church yet he did not take advantage of this right. He could demand the church to provide food and drink but he didn’t. He could take along a believing wife, like other apostles, but he did not.
In 1 Corinthians 9:7-14, the soldier go to war in exchange for money. A farmer plant a vineyard to eat the grapes. A shepherd tend the flock to drink the milk. Everyone do things with a motive to reap back something. It is cruel to muzzle an ox when it is treading the grain because the ox won’t be able to eat the grain. Therefore, Paul reasoned if he minister to them, then he should have the right to receive material support from them. But Paul did not take advantage of this right. He would do anything for the purpose of spreading the gospel so that the gospel would not be hindered.
In 1 Corinthians 9:15-18, Paul is telling the Corinthians that he is able to carry out his missionary work without receiving any support from the church because he is called by God. Because he has God’s calling, he felt compelled to spread the gospel.
In 1 Corinthians 9:19-23, Paul is a free man but he did not use his freedom for selfish purpose. He tried to win as many people to Christ as possible. He became as a Jew to win Jews to Christ. He became as one under the law to win people under the law to Christ. He because weak to win the weak to Christ. He became all things to all men so that he could win them to Christ.
In 1 Corinthians 9:24-27, a runner run a race to get prize but we run the race that God gives us in this life to get the crown of righteousness. We must crucify our old selves and put God first in order to finish the race and get the crown of righteousness (2 Timothy 4:8).