2 Timothy 4 Outline
– Jesus will judge everyone on judgment day (2 Timothy 4:1)
– Always be ready to preach God’s words (2 Timothy 4:2-3)
– Don’t twist God’s words for your own benefit (2 Timothy 4:4-5)
– The crown of righteousness for those who have finished the race well for God (2 Timothy 4:6-8)
– Paul urged Timothy to come to him with his cloak and parchments soon (2 Timothy 4:9-13)
– Paul cautioned Timothy against Alexander, who opposed the gospel (2 Timothy 4:14-15)
– God strengthens Paul and rescued him from his enemies many times (2 Timothy 4:16-18)
– Paul sent his greetings (2 Timothy 4:19-21)
– Paul prayed that God will be with Timothy’s spirit, that Timothy will finish the race well like him (2 Timothy 4:22)
2 Timothy 4 Bible Study
In 2 Timothy 4:1, Paul charged Timothy in the presence of God and Jesus Christ who will judge everyone on the judgment day after his second appearing. Jesus Christ is the judge who will judge everyone according to their deeds on the judgment day. We have no right to judge people because God is the judge and only he has the authority to make judgment (James 4:12). Therefore, making judgment and gossiping of people is sin.
In 2 Timothy 4:2-3, Paul instructed Timothy to be ready to preach the word in season and out of season, correct, rebuke and encourage with great patience and careful instruction. Every Christian has the responsibility to preach the gospel and evangelize people (1 Corinthians 9:16). We should always be ready to preach the gospel and do evangelism work no matter in easy or difficult circumstances.
In 2 Timothy 4:4-5, Paul gave Timothy this instruction because there will come a time when men will not want to hear the sound doctrine but they only want to hear from preachers that preach according to what they want to hear and turn away from the truth to myths. Paul tells Timothy to not be like them, but keep his head in all circumstances and carry out his duties. We should never twist the word of God for our own selfish interest. If you have tried to twist the meaning of bible verses for your own selfish interest, you should confess your sins and ask God to forgive you. If you see someone trying to justify themselves by using the bible verse wrongly, you should rebuke and correct them so that they can be led to God.
In 2 Timothy 4:6-8, Paul knew that he will be executed soon so he has already prepared his heart for it. He had offered himself completely to God during his lifetime, like a drink offering that is poured out completely from the cup. He has fought the good fight, finished the race and kept the faith. Paul said that God will endow the crown of righteousness on him for finishing the race well. If we persevere in trial for the sake of the gospel to the end, God will give us the crown of life (James 1:12).
In 2 Timothy 4:9-13, Paul urged Timothy to come to him as soon as possible because Demas has left him and went to Thessalonica because he loved the world. Crescens had went to Galatia. Titus went to Dalmatia. Luke was with Paul. He instructed Timothy to get Mark to him because he is helpful to him in his ministry. Paul had sent Tychicus to Ephesus. Paul asked Timothy to bring the cloak he left with Carpus at Troas and his scrolls, the parchments.
In 2 Timothy 4:14-15, Alexander, the metal worker had done Paul a lot of harm. Paul hoped the Lord will repay him for what he has done. He cautioned Timothy to be on his guard as he opposed his message. We cannot take revenge against our enemies but we must love them and show kindness to them and pray for then. You can pray that God take vengeance against your enemies but you must not take revenge against him yourself (Romans 12:19).
In 2 Timothy 4:16-18, many deserted Paul at his first defense. But God strengthened Paul so that he is able to continue to proclaim the gospel to the gentiles. Paul had faced many challenges in his life. Although he was destitute, he still persevere and continue to do God’s work because he know there is a reward for him in heaven. In Revelation 22:12, Jesus said he is coming soon. When he comes, he will bring his recompense and repay everyone according to their deeds. In Matthew 5:12, those who suffer for the sake of the gospel should rejoice and be glad because God will reward them greatly in heaven. In Revelation 2:10, if you are faithful to God until death, God will give you the crown of life.
In 2 Timothy 4:19-21, Paul sent his greetings to Priscilla and Aquila and Onisiphorus household. Erastus remained in Corinth. Paul left Trophimus in ill condition in Miletus. He asked Timothy to come to him before winter. He also sent the greetings of Eubulus, Pudens, Linus and Claudia and other brothers to him.
In 2 Timothy 4:22, lastly, Paul prayed that God will be with Timothy’s spirit. Paul had finished his ministry and now he wants Timothy to be the same.