Acts 18 Outline
– Paul met Priscilla and Aquilla in Corinth (Acts 18:1-3)
– Paul testify that Jesus is the Messiah to the Jews in the synagogue in Corinth (Acts 18:4-5)
– The Jews opposed Paul’s preaching (Acts 18:6)
– Paul went to the house of Titius Justus, next door of the synagogue (Acts 18:7)
– Crispus and his household believed in Jesus Christ and were baptized (Acts 18:8)
– God encouraged Paul to boldly preach God’s words in Corinth (Acts 18:9-11)
– The Jews charged Paul before the proconsul of Achaia, Gallio but Gallio dismissed the charges (Acts 18:12-16)
– The Jews got Sosthenes, the ruler of the synagogue to beat Paul before Gallio (Acts 18:17)
– Paul sailed to Syria with Priscilla and Aquila and cut his hair at Cenchreae after making a vow (Acts 18:18)
– Paul preached in Ephesus for some time (Acts 18:19-21)
– Paul preached and strengthened the churches in Antioch, Galatia and Phyrgia (Acts 18:22-23)
– A Jew called Apollos was a good teacher of God’s word but he only knew about John’s baptism (Acts 18:24-26)
– Apollos became a great help to the believers in Achaia (Acts 18:27-28)
Acts 18 Bible Study
After Paul left Athens, he visited Corinth. He met a Jewish couple, Aquila and Priscilla, who had just arrived from Italy because Claudius have given order for all Jews to leave Rome. Paul earned his living as a tent maker like Priscilla and Claudius. Paul entered the synagogue every Sabbath to persuade the Jews and Greeks but he shook his clothes off them when they opposed him and became violent.
Then, Paul went to Titius Justus’ house, which is next door to the synagogue. Crispus and his entire household came to believe in Jesus Christ. Many Corinthians also believed in Jesus Christ and was baptized.
One night, God gave Paul a vision in his dream. God told Paul not to be afraid and keep on preaching God’s word. God told Paul that he will be safe as there are many Christians in Corinth. Therefore, Paul stayed in Corinth for 1.5 years. The Jews attacked Paul by accusing him of persuading the people to worship God in way that is different than Moses Law during the time Gallio was proconsul of Achaia.
Gallio refused to deal with the case because it does not concern with the government law but with the law of Moses. After Gallio had driven away the Jews, the Jews got Sosthenes, the leader of the synagogue to beat Paul in front of Gallio. Gallio did not care at all.
After Paul stayed in Corinth for some time, he sailed to Syria along with Priscilla and Aquilla. He cut off his hair to keep a vow he made at Cenchreae. Paul left Priscilla and Aquilla at Ephesus. He preached in the synagogue in Ephesus for some time and then left. The people wanted Paul to stay but he said he will return if it is the will of God. After that, he sailed to Caesarea. Jerusalem and then to Antioch. Paul went throughout Galatia and Phrgia to strengthen the churches after staying for a period of time in Antioch.
There was a Jew called Apollos from Alexandria, who taught about Jesus accurately but he only know about John baptism. When Priscilla and Aquilla saw him, they invited him to their home and explained to him about God’s way more adequately.
The brethren and sisters wrote letter to the disciples in Achaia when Apollos wanted to go there. Apollos was a great help to the believers in Achaia. He debated with the Jews and proved that Jesus is the Messiah from the scripture.
Acts 18 Bible Study
1. Corinth is a center for sexual immorality
The people of Corinth worshiped Venus, the Greek goddess of fertility. All kinds of sexual immorality are prohibited by God including gay, lesbians, adultery, and fornication. In 1 Corinthians 6:18, we should flee from sexual immorality. Every sin that a person commit is outside of his body but the sin of sexual immorality is committed against one’s own body. In 1 Thessalonians 3:5, It is God’s will that we abstain from sexual immorality and keep our bodies holy and used all body members to honor God.
2. Persevere for the sake of the gospel
Paul continue to preach the gospel even though the people opposed him and became brutal. They had the synagogue ruler, Sosthenes, beat Paul before the proconsul of Achaia, Gallius. James 1:12 says that those who perseveres under trial will receive the crown of life because he has stood the test. In 1 Corinthians 9:25, everyone who compete in a game get a crown that will not last but followers who persevere for the sake of the gospel will get a crown that last forever. 2 Timothy 2:15 says that followers should do our best to present themselves to God as one approved, a workman that does not need to be ashamed and correctly handle the truth. In 2 Timothy 4:8, Paul said that there in store for him is the crown of righteousness which God will award to him on the day and also to others who longed for his appearing. In Mark 8:38, Jesus will be ashamed of anyone who is ashamed of him and his words when he comes in his Father’s glory with the holy angels. In 2 Timothy 1:8, Paul urged Timothy to not be ashamed of the gospel or ashamed of him as his prisoner but join him in his suffering.
3. The baptism of the Holy Spirit
In Acts 18:24-26, a Jew called Apollos was enthusiastic about preaching God’s word but he only knew John baptism. When Priscilla and Aquilla learned about this, they invited Apollos into their house and explained to him about God’s way adequately. When John baptized the people, he baptized them with water because God haven’t sent the Holy Spirit to the people yet. Every believer has the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit will come and dwell in you after you have accepted Jesus Christ as your personal savior and Lord. The Holy Spirit is our helper and gives us discernment so that we will walk in God’s plan (John 14:26; 1 John 2:20; 1 John 2:27; 1 Corinthians 2:9-10). The Holy Spirit enables us to speak in different tongues (Acts 2:1-4) and sing spiritual songs (Colossians 3:16; Ephesians 5:19). He endow spiritual gifts on the believers (Romans 12:6-8; 1 Corinthians 12:4-11).