Acts 4 Outline
– Peter and John were arrested for proclaiming the resurrection of Jesus (Acts 4:1-4)
– Peter and John were questioned by what power they are doing this (Acts 4:5-7)
– Peter replied that the lame man was healed by the name of Jesus (Acts 4:8-10)
– Jesus is the cornerstone and no one can be saved except through Jesus (Acts 4:11-12)
– They noticed Peter and John were courageous although unschooled but they had been with Jesus (Acts 4:13)
– They couldn’t reach a conclusion to punish Peter and John but they decided to instruct them to stop preaching the name of Jesus (Acts 4:14-17)
– They commanded Peter and John to stop preaching the name of Jesus but Peter and John refused (Acts 4:18-20)
– They released Peter and John after further threatening them (Acts 4:21-22)
– Peter and John reported what the chief priests and elders said to them (Acts 4:23-26)
– The people prayed that God will increase the boldness of Peter and John and manifest himself by performing signs and wonders through them (Acts 4:27-30)
– There was an earthquake at the meeting place and everyone was filled with the Holy Spirit and speak God’s words boldly (Acts 4:31)
– The people share everything they own and sell their possessions to help the needy (Acts 4:32-34)
Joseph, also known as Barnabas by the apostles sold a field and lay the money at the apostles’ feet (Acts 4:35-37)
Acts 4 Summary
The priests, temple guard and Sadducees were disturbed when they heard Peter and John preaching about the resurrection of Jesus Christ to the apostles. They captured Peter and John and put them in prison because it was already evening. Many people who heard Peter’s message believed and the number of believers grew to 5,000.
On the following day, the rulers, elders, teachers of the law, Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, Alexander and men of the high priest’s family were there. They questioned Peter and John by what authority they are doing this. Being filled with the Holy Spirit, Peter replied that it is by the name of Jesus, whom the Jews handed over to crucify and raised to life by God that the lame man was healed. Peter pointed out that Jesus Christ is the stone the builders rejected, who has become the capstone. He pointed out that no one can go to heaven except through Jesus Christ.
They noticed Peter and John had great courage and that they were not educated but they had been with Jesus. They commanded Peter and John to stop preaching to the people about the name of Jesus but they replied they cannot stop speaking about what they have seen. They threatened Peter and John more and then release them. They couldn’t reach a decision on how to punish them because the person miraculously healed was older than 40 years old.
When Peter and John returned, they reported everything the priests and elders had said. The people prayed for Peter and John that God will increase their boldness and manifest himself through miraculous signs and wonders in Jesus name. After they prayed, the place where they met had an earthquake. All the people at the meeting were filled with the Holy Spirit and they preach God’s word boldly.
The believers were united and they shared everything they have. There was no needy person because the people constantly provided all the necessities to meet each other’s needs. Every now and then, the people who owned houses and lands sold them and collect the money from the sales and presented them in front of the feet of the apostles. A man called Joseph from Cyprus, also known as Barnabas by the apostles sold a field and presented the money at the feet of the apostles.
Acts 4 Bible Study
1. In the name of Jesus, we have the victory
When the authorities questioned Peter and John by what power they heal the man, Peter replied it is by the name of Jesus that the lame beggar was given complete healing. As the children of God, we have the authorities to command demonic oppressions and sickness to go away in Jesus name (Acts 16:16-18; Matthew 18:18). When you rebuke in Jesus name, you must believe otherwise it is useless.
2. Jesus is the capstone
In Acts 4:11, Jesus was the stone rejected by the builders. Jesus was once rejected by the Jews but now he is being exalted by his Father. He is the capstone, meaning, Jesus is the foundation. Every Christian follower and church must make Jesus their foundation in order to survive. Jesus laid the foundation by dying on the cross for us. He offered his life blood on the cross so that we can receive the forgiveness of sins and be reconciled to God. This is because the wage of sin is death. Jesus paid the price of our sins by laying down his life for us on the cross. The foundation is our salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. No one can be saved or no church can stand except through the grace of Jesus. In 1 Corinthians 3:10-15, we are the builder and the type of foundation we lay depend on how we build it. A good foundation must be able to withstand the test of time. Anyone who persevere to the end will receive the crown of life (James 1:12).
3. No one can receive eternal life except through believing in Jesus
In Acts 4:12, there is way to heaven except through believing in Jesus. The idea of universalism, which means you can receive eternal life and go to heaven no matter what religion you believe is a deception. In John 14:6, Jesus said he is the truth, the way and the life. No one can come to the Father except through him. In Romans 10:9, anyone who believe in his heart that Jesus had rose from the dead on the third day and confessed with your mouth that he is the Lord can be saved. In Acts 2:21, everyone who call upon God’s name will be saved.
4. Pray for one another
The people prayed for Peter and John that God increase their boldness and manifest himself by performing miracles so that the kingdom of God can be furthered. In Ephesians 6:18, we should always pray in the spirit with prayer and supplication. We should keep alert with all perseverance and making supplication for all saints. In 1 Timothy 2:1, we should offer supplications, prayers, intercessions and thanksgiving for all people.
5. The Holy Spirit put words in our mouth to give testimony and he strengthens us
In Acts 4:8, Peter, being filled with the Holy Spirit, addressed the crowd that it was the name of Jesus that the lame beggar was healed completely. The Holy Spirit put words in our mouth to give testimony for Jesus (Luke 12:11-12).
6. Love one another in Christ
In Acts 4:32-37, the believers were one in heart and mind. They love one another and help those who are in need by sharing and selling their possessions. Loving one another as much as you love yourself is the second most important commandments in the bible (Matthew 22:36-40). Christians must not be selfish. They must do their best to help those in need. Jesus said don’t refuse those who ask from you or want to borrow from you. In this way, others will recognize that you are the disciple of Jesus Christ (John 13:34-35). In 1 John 4:20, he who says he loves God but hate his brother is a liar because he who does not love his brother who is seen does not love God who is not seen. In Romans 12:10, we should love one another in brotherly affection and outdo one another in showing honor. In Luke 6:31, we should do to others what we have others do to us. In 1 Peter 4:8, we should love one another earnestly because love covers a multitude of sins. In 1 John 4:19, we love because God love us first. In 1 John 4:11, if God love us, we should also love one another.