John 1 Outline
– Jesus is the Word, that existing from the beginning (John 1:1-18)
– John the Baptist’s denial as the Messiah (John 1:19-28)
– Jesus is the lamb of God that atone for the sins of the whole world (John 1:29-34)
– The first disciples of Jesus (John 1:35-42)
– Philip and Nathanael became Jesus’ disciples (John 1:35-42)
John 1 Bible Study
In John 1:1-18, the Word is Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is the bread of life. In John 6:35, Jesus Christ said that he is the bread of life, the source and giver of life. Anyone who comes to him will not be hungry and anyone who put his faith in him will not be thirsty (John 6:51). Jesus is the light and Satan is the darkness. To let the light of Jesus shine in you, you must obey the commandments of God and carry out his will. If you behave in the way of the world, you will belong to Satan. Following your fleshly desire means you belong to the world. It is part of God’s plan that Jesus be reincarnated into human through the virgin Mary so that he can ransom us from our sins. Jesus is the lamb that is sacrificed on the cross at the calvary. Through the blood of Jesus, our sins can be forgiven. John is the cousin of Jesus, the son of Mary’s sister. He began his ministry earlier than Jesus. Jesus exists from the beginning before the earth was created. Jesus Christ, the Father God and the Holy Spirit are one God in trinity form. Each has a different function but they are one God.
In John 1:19-28, when the priests and Levites ask John whether he is the Christ, John replied that he is not the Christ nor Elijah nor the prophet but a messenger of God which is mentioned in Isaiah 40:3. Then, the people asked him why he baptize if he is not Christ nor Elijah or the prophet. John replied that he baptize them with water but the one who comes after him will baptize with the Holy Spirit. John was a humble person. He said that he is not worthy to untie the thong of the sandal that belong to the one who comes after him. Christians must always be humble and give glory to God for everything. Baptism is a symbol of death in the old self and putting on the new self in Christ. Submerging in the water means burying your old self, the sinful desire, with Christ and emerging from the water means surrendering your life to Christ and living your life for him wholeheartedly.
In John 1:29-34, on the following day, Jesus came to John to receive the baptism. Jesus is the lamb of God, that was sacrificed for our sins on the cross. In the Old Testament days, animal sacrifices are used as atonement to cleanse away our sins. In the New Testament days, Jesus offered himself as the lamb of God as atonement for the sins of the whole world once and for all so that there is no need to use animal sacrifice to atone for sins anymore (1 Peter 3:18). Jesus is a pure and blameless lamb that was made an atonement for our sins. He did not commit a single sin while he was on earth so that he can become a perfect atonement for our sins. We are all sinners and we need the blood of Jesus to cleanse our sins. We are sinners because sin is passed down to us through Adam and Eve, who first sinned by eating the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.
In John 1:35-42, John said to two disciples that Jesus is the lamb of God. The two disciples asked Jesus where he is staying and Jesus asked them to follow him and he will show him the place. One of the two disciples is Andrew. Andrew found Simon and told him they have found the Messiah and they went to Jesus together. Jesus looked at Simon and gave him the name Cephas which is translated to Peter in English.
In John 1:43-51, Jesus called Philip to follow him. Philip found Nathanael and told him that they had found the one that was mentioned in the Law of Moses, Jesus of Nazareth. When Philip said that Jesus is from Nazareth, Nathanael criticized it by assuming that nothing good come from there. When Jesus saw Nathanael coming, he predicted he is an Israelite. He also told Nathanael that he had seen him under the fig tree. When Nathanael heard this, he finally believed that Jesus is the son of God, the king of Israel. After that, Jesus said that he will see greater things. He will see heaven open, and God’s angel ascend and descend on the son of Man. From John 1:35-41, we can see how one witness to the other and bring them to Christ. John testified that Jesus is the lamb of God. Andrew testified that Jesus is the Messiah (Isaiah 4:2). Philip testified that Jesus of Nazareth is the son of Joseph (Matthew 2:23; Psalm 80:17). Nathanael testified that Jesus is the son of God, the king of Israel (Psalm 2:7; Luke 1:35; Matthew 2:2).