John 13 Outline
– Jesus teaches the lessons of humility through the washing of the disciples’ feet (John 13:1-17)
– Jesus predicted Judas Iscariot will betray him (John 13:18-30)
– Jesus predicted that Peter will deny him (John 13:31-38)
John 13 Bible Study
In John 13:1-17, Jesus knew that the time for him to be crucified has arrived. Jesus loves humanity so much that he was willing to sacrifice the riches and glory in heaven and come down to the earth to die for our sins. Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve disciples and the son of Simon Iscariot, is the one who led the Roman soldiers to arrest Jesus. During the last supper, Jesus removed his outer clothes. After that, he wrapped a towel on his waist and poured water into a basin. Then, he started to wash the feet of his disciples. After washing the feet of his disciples, he dried them with a towel. When he came to wash Simon Peter’s feet, Simon Peter asked him why he should wash his feet. Jesus answered that he will understand the reason why he wash his feet later. Simon Peter then rebuked Jesus for washing his feet but Jesus said unless he wash him, he will not have any part with him so Simon Peter asked Jesus to wash his feet, hands and head as well. Jesus said that those who have bathed only need to have their feet washed. He said that Peter is clean but not every one of the disciples is clean. Jesus is not saying that you need to wash others’ feet in order to receive salvation. What he means is that unless he cleanses us with his precious blood, we will have no part with him. Jesus humbly laid his life down for us by dying on the cross so that we can be cleansed and our sins can be forgiven. The washing of the feet tells us that those who sins and did not confess and repent will not be cleansed by Jesus’ blood, and therefore Jesus has no fellowship with them. As servants of God, we must not only serve others, but learn how to let others serve us. A servant who serves and refused to be served has pride. Jesus washed us with his word (Ephesians 5:26).
In John 13:18-30, Jesus predicted that Judas Iscariot will betray him. He told his disciples that the one to whom he give the bread which he had dipped in the dish will betray him. He gave the bread he dipped in the dish to Judas Iscariot. Satan entered into Judas Iscariot, who was in charge of the money, proceeded to betray Jesus after Jesus told him to do what he wants to do quickly. What Jesus is saying to Judas Iscariot, is that he should go quickly to lead the soldier to capture him. We should not open any doorway to allow Satan to come into our lives (Ephesians 4:27).
In John 13:31-38, after Judas Iscariot left the place, Jesus said that the son of man is glorified and God is glorified in him. The son of man is often used by Jesus to refer to himself, because he is the son of Joseph and Mary but he is actually the son of God. God used Mary’s womb to conceive Jesus so that he can be reincarnated into a human. Mary conceived Jesus through the Holy Spirit (Matthew 1:18). Jesus said he is going to be with his disciples for a little while before he is handed over to the enemies, be crucified, raised from the dead and ascended into heaven. He told his disciples that where he is going, they cannot come because he is going to heaven but he said that they will join him later. Jesus predicted Peter will deny him three times before the rooster crow.