Luke 1 Bible Study


Luke 1 Outline


– Introduction to the book of Luke (Luke 1 :1-4)

– The angel told Zechariah that he and his wife will have a son (Luke 1:5-25)

– The angel, Gabriel told Mary that she will be conceived with a son called Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:26-38)

– Mary paid a visit to  her cousin, Elizabeth (Luke 1:39-45)

– Mary sang a song to glorify God for exalting her (Luke 1:46-56)

– John, the Baptist is born (Luke 1:57-66)

– Zechariah sang a song to glorify God to redeem his people through Jesus Christ (Luke 1:67-80)



Luke 1 Bible Study


In Luke 1:1-4, many people who are eyewitnesses of Jesus have attempted to provide an account of the things that Jesus did while he was on earth. Luke, also an eyewitness of Christ have written an orderly account about what had taken place while Jesus was on earth. Luke is a doctor (Colossians 4:14). Theophilus is a Roman vocabulary, which is defined as the beloved disciples of God. Luke is writing the account for the followers of God.


In Luke 1:5-25, Zechariah, a priest, and his wife, Elizabeth were old and without children. It happened that Zechariah was offering incense in front of the altar in the temple. At that time, an angel appeared and told Zechariah that his wife will be pregnant with a son. He instructed Zechariah to give the baby boy a name called John. The angel instructed Zechariah that his son should never drink fermented drink. The angel said that Zechariah’s son, John, will be filled with the Holy Spirit since birth. John, will be filled with the power of Elijah, and turn the hearts of many people to God. John is one who will prepare the way for the Lord and make a straight path for God (Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 4:5-6). Zechariah doubted in the message of the angel so the angel mute him until the day his son is born. After Zechariah has finished his service, he went out of the temple and made signs to the people because he couldn’t speak.


In Luke 1:26-38, God sent an angel named Gabriel to tell Mary that she will be conceived and give birth to a son called Jesus Christ. When Mary heard what the angel said, she asked how will this happen since she is a virgin. The angel replied that the Holy Spirit will fill her and make her conceived with a baby. The baby will be the son of God and he will inherit the throne of King David and reign over the houses of Jacob forever. The kingdom of Jesus Christ will not end. God loved the world so much that he was willing to sacrifice his only son and let him come down to the earth to die on the cross. Jesus Christ came to earth to be crucified on the cross for our sins so that we can receive forgiveness and inherit eternal life. Anyone who confess Jesus is Lord and believe that he is raised from the dead on the third day can be saved (Romans 10:9). Mary did not doubt in what the angel said. When she heard what the angel said, she said that she is the servant of God and may all that he said happen.


In Luke 1:39-56, after the angel announced the news to Mary, Mary visited her cousin, Elizabeth. When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby in her womb leaped for joy. Mary was filled with the Holy Spirit and she sang a song to glorify the Lord for what he had done for her.


In Luke 1:57-66, when the time came for John to be born, Elizabeth gave birth. Her relatives and neighbors rejoiced with her. On the eighth day, they circumcised the child and they wanted to name him after his father’s name, Zechariah. However, Elizabeth said the son should be called John. The people argued that no relative has the name John. Then, they asked Zechariah what his son should be named and he asked for a writing tablet. Zechariah wrote the name John on the writing tablet.


In Luke 1:67-80, Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and he sang a song to praise God for sending the Messiah so that he can redeem the people from their sins. John grew and he was strong in the spirit.