Luke 13 Outline
– Everyone is a sinner (Luke 13:1-9)
– Jesus healed a woman who cannot bend over for 18 years (Luke 13:10-17)
– Jesus used the parable of the mustard seed and yeast to compare the spreading of evil influences in the churches (Luke 13:18-21)
– The kingdom of God is for those who strive to enter through the narrow gate (Luke 13:22-30)
– Jesus’ sorrow for Jerusalem (Luke 13:31-35)
Luke 13 Bible Study
In Luke 13:1-9, some people told Jesus about how Pilate mixed the blood of the Galilean criminal with their sacrifices. In turn, Jesus replied that the Galilean criminals are not the worst compare to other Galileans. Everyone is a sinner. If you are a sinner, you will end up in Hell. The only way to be saved is to confess your sins and repent. Jesus used the parable of the fig tree to describe those who have not produce fruit and contribute in the kingdom of God will be condemned in Hell. Every Christian has to contribute in some way in the body of Christ. You can help in many ways in the church including cooking for the church congregations, giving alms, praying for people, serving God at the church, using your money to build church buildings and other buildings for the poor, evangelizing people and etc. God is patient with us and we have only up to the time while we are on this earth. After you die, you will have no more time to repent. Repentance is critical now because you never know when you will die. Jesus is coming back soon to rapture his faithful followers so we must get ready and faithfully follow God by walking in his commandments.
In Luke 13:10-17, Jesus healed a woman who cannot bent over for 18 years because she was possessed by an evil spirit. Then, the synagogue ruler told the people to come and be healed for 6 days and not on the Sabbath. According to the Law of Moses, God forbids working or carrying of any load on the Sabbath. God created the earth in six days but he rested on the seventh day. Because he rested on the seventh day, he made it the Sabbath day. Christians can do God’s work on the Sabbath day for example serving God and helping others. However, Christians cannot sell or ask people to look after your businesses on the Sabbath day (Nehemiah 10:31; Deuteronomy 5:14; Jeremiah 17:27). Some people say that the Sabbath law is in the old covenant so there is no need to follow it but Jesus said that all his word must come into fulfillment even though heaven and earth may pass away (Matthew 5:18; Matthew 23:3).
In Luke 13:18-21, Jesus used the parable of the mustard seed and yeast to describe the kingdom of God. Jesus used these parables to describe the evil influence spreading in the churches. Many large churches have compromised to the worldly influences in order to attract more people to their congregations. The parable of the leaven illustrates how sin in the church can corrupt the worship offered to God. To enter into the kingdom of God, you must believe in Jesus. In Romans 10:9, anyone who confess Jesus is Lord and believe in his heart that God raised him from the dead can be saved. After believing in Jesus, you must produce fruits in the kingdom of God by serving him at the church and helping other brothers and sisters in need.
In Luke 13:22-30, Jesus said that only those that pass through the narrow door will be saved. To enter into the kingdom of God, you must abide in God’s commandments. You must not just be a hearer but be also a doer. Breaking a single commandment in the bible will make you a sinner so that you also end up in Hell (James 2:10). We must not yield to our own flesh but surrender ourselves to God and let him guide us. By letting God guide you, you will walk on the path of righteousness.
In Luke 13:31-35, Jesus felt sad for Jerusalem because they rejected him. Jesus was captured after he finished praying at the Garden of Gethsemane, which is located below the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. It was the Jews that first rejected Jesus so that the gift of salvation is now open to all the people around the world.