Luke 19 Outline
– A short tax collector called Zacchaeus, climbed a sycamore fig tree to see Jesus (Luke 19:1-10)
– The parable of the ten minas (Luke 19:11-27)
– The triumphant entry of Jesus into Jerusalem (Luke 19:28-44)
– Jesus drove out those who were selling at the temple (Luke 19:45-48)
Luke 19 Bible Study
In Luke 19:1-10, a short man called Zacchaeus, who worked as a tax collector climbed up the sycamore fig tree to see Jesus because he wanted to know who he is. As Jesus was passing by the sycamore fig tree, he stopped and looked up. Then, he called Zacchaeus to come down because he wanted to stay in his house that day. When the people heard this, they said he had become the guest of the sinner. Tax collectors are considered sinners by the people because they usually charge an extra amount over the original tax amount to earn money. After that, Zacchaeus promised Jesus that he will donate half of his possessions to the poor people. He also promised to pay back 4 times the amount of money he had cheated someone. Jesus replied that salvation is come to the house of Zacchaeus. Jesus did not come to save the righteous but he came to save the sinners. We are all sinners because sin is passed down to us through Adam and Eve. Jesus offered his life blood on the cross on behalf of us so that our sins can be forgiven and we can receive the gift of eternal life. Jesus never met Zacchaeus before yet he knew his name. God knows each of us by our names. In John 10:3, God said that he calls his own sheep by name and guide them out. Zacchaeus is a very short man so that he has to climb the tree in order to see Jesus because of the large crowd of people. He may have been an outcast in his society. Jesus’ request to stay in Zacchaeus’ house showed that he accept the outcasts that are rejected by people. Christians must not be proud and be willing to associate with those in the low positions (Romans 12:16).
In Luke 19:11-27, Jesus tells the parable of the ten minas. In the parable of the ten minas, a noble man traveled to distant country to have himself appointed as king. Before he traveled on the journey, he called ten of his servants and entrusted into them ten minas. Each servant was given one mina. When he returned, he called his servants to give an account of their earnings from the minas he gave them. The first servant told the master that he has earned 10 more. Jesus praised the first servant and let him take in charge of 10 cities. The second servant told the master that he has earned 5 more. Jesus praised the second servant and let him take in charge of 5 cities. Another servant told the master that he didn’t earn anything with the mina he entrusted him. Instead, he kept the mina in a cloth because he knows his master is a hard man. In turn, the master rebuked the servant by saying he is lazy. Jesus is using the parable to tell us that we must develop our spiritual gifts and use them in the kingdom of God. Everyone of us has a spiritual gift from God. There are many types of spiritual gifts including the word of wisdom, word of knowledge, faith, gifts of healing, working of miracles, prophecy, discerning of spirits, divers kinds of tongues, and interpretation of tongues (1 Corinthians 12:8-10 KJV). The Holy Spirit is the one who gives some to be apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers, for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ (Ephesians 4:11-12). Each of us must spread the gospel and evangelize people with what we know about the word of God in the bible. Jesus said that anyone who wants to be his disciple must carry his cross. This means that we must sacrifice ourselves including time, money, career and etc and do God’s work. Anyone who did not put God first in his life is not worthy to be Jesus’ disciple (Luke 14:27; Matthew 10:38; Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; Luke 9:23).
In Luke 19:28-44, Jesus made his way into Jerusalem. Before he arrived in Jerusalem, he ordered two of his disciples to go ahead of him into a village to untie a donkey and colt. Jesus instructed them to say that “Because the Lord hath need of him” if someone ask why they are untying the colt. The disciples went into the village and found everything just as Jesus had instructed them. The disciples untie the colt and lead it to Jesus. Then, the people spread their clothes on the colt and the road and Jesus sat on it. The people also cut some branches and spread them on the road to celebrate the coming of Jesus to Jerusalem. The people praised Jesus but the Pharisees asked Jesus to rebuke them. However, Jesus replied that if the people don’t praise him, the stones will cry out. Psalm 96:11-13 states that the earth should praise God.
In Luke 19:45-48, Jesus drove out the people who are selling at the temple. This account is retold in (Matthew 21:12-17; Mark 11:12-19; John 2:12-17) He rebuked them by saying that his house should be a house of prayer but they had made it a house of robbers. The sellers were selling animals used for sacrifices at the temple. Jesus taught at the temple every day but the chief priests, teachers of law and leaders are looking for a way to murder him. Christians should not treat the Sabbath day carelessly by buying or selling. Selling or working is prohibited including selling in the church to raise funds. Buying is prohibited because it causes others to work (Nehemiah 10:31). God created the earth in 6 days and he rested on the seventh day so we must also rest from our work on the Sabbath day. However, we can do God’s work on the Sabbath day. Unless it is necessary, you should not buy (Mark 2:23-28).