Luke 2 Bible Study


Luke 2 Outline


– Jesus Christ was born (Luke 2:1-7)

– The angels brought good news about Jesus’ birth to the shepherds (Luke 2:8-20)

– Joseph and Mary carried out the purification ceremony for their firstborn Jesus (Luke 2:21-40)

– Jesus listened and asked questions at the temple (Luke 2:41-52)


Luke 2 Bible Study


In Luke 2:1-7, Caesar Augustus demanded the people to go back to their hometown to register themselves so that the government can take census. This census is the first to occur while Quirinius was reigning Syria. Joseph was from the line of King David so he went back to Bethlehem. Mary was pledged to Joseph and she went up to Bethlehem with Joseph. While they were there, Mary gave birth to Jesus Christ. She wrapped him in cloth and placed him in the manger because the inn was full with guests.


In Luke 2:8-20, at that time in the night, there were some shepherds looking after the sheep in the nearby field. Suddenly, an angel appeared to the shepherds and tell them about the news that Jesus Christ, the savior had been born. The angel gave the shepherds signs that they will see the baby wrapped in cloth and lying in a manger. Then, a host of angels appeared and praised God before disappearing into the heaven. The shepherds were amazed at the vision and they quickly went to the place where Jesus was born. They saw the baby Jesus Christ wrapped in cloths and lying in the manger just as they were told.


In Luke 2:21-40, Joseph and Mary named the baby Jesus on the eight day, when it was time to circumcise him. They went to the temple to carry out the purification rite as required by the Law of Moses (Exodus 34:19-20). There was a man called Simeon, who had been waiting for the coming of the Messiah to redeem Israel. The Holy Spirit moved Simeon so that he entered into the temple courts. When the parents came to carry out the purification rite according to the law of Moses, Simeon held the baby and praised God for sending the Messiah as he had promised. The coming of Jesus Christ to the earth had been prophesied by many prophets in the Old Testament (Isaiah 11:1; Jeremiah 23:5). Not all Jews believed in the message that Jesus preach. For those who believed in Jesus, he was a blessing. For those who rejected Jesus, he was a stumbling block to them. There was a  prophetess called Anna, who became widow after she was married to her husband for 7 years. She approached them and thanked God about the child. She talked about the child to the public. Later, Joseph and Mary returned home. The boy, Jesus Christ grew in wisdom as he became older.


In Luke 2:41-52, every year, Mary and Joseph will traveled to Jerusalem to celebrate the feast of Passover. When Jesus was 12 years old, he followed his parents to Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover. When they returned, Jesus stayed back and his parents kept on traveling towards their home without knowing this. When they found out, they were anxious and began looking for him. Finally, the found him in a temple. Jesus was listening to the teachers and questioning them. They were amazed at the wisdom of Jesus . When the parents rebuked him, Jesus told them he had to be in his Father’s house. Jesus was telling them that his mission on earth was to do his Father’s business, which is to preach the kingdom of God and to be crucified and save the people from their sins. Later, Jesus went back with his parents and obey them.