Luke 22 Outline
– Judas agreed to hand Jesus over to the enemies (Luke 22:1-6)
– The symbolic meaning of the bread and wine in the communion (Luke 22:7-30)
– Jesus predicted that Peter will deny him for three times (Luke 22:31-34)
– Using wisdom to spread the gospel and avoid the enemies (Luke 22:35-38)
– Jesus prayed at the Garden of Gethsemane at the foot of Mount of Olives (Luke 22:39-45)
– Judas led a group of soldiers to capture Jesus (Luke 22:46-53)
– Peter denied that he know Jesus three times before the rooster crow (Luke 22:54-62)
– The guards mocked Jesus (Luke 22:63-65)
– Jesus on trial before the chief priests and teachers of the law (Luke 22:66-71)
Luke 22 Bible Study
In Luke 22:1-6, Judas is the last disciple of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ. He betrayed Jesus by going to the chief priests and officers of temple guards and agreeing to look out for an opportunity to arrest Jesus for 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 27:3). Satan can enter into your life if you open a doorway for him. Obeying your fleshly desire is opening a doorway to Satan. For example, if you have greed, selfishness, jealousy or anger in your heart, you are opening a doorway to Satan. Satan can influence you to do evil thing and lead you astray from God.
In Luke 22:7-30, Jesus instructed his two disciples to go into a village to make preparation for a Passover. He predicted that they will meet with a man carrying a water jar. They are to follow the man into a house and asked the owner for a guest room so that Jesus and his disciples can have passover meal there. The man will show the disciples a furnished room upstairs where they can prepare the passover meal. The disciples left and found everything happened just as predicted by Jesus. Later, Jesus came to the house and have passover meal with his disciples. He gave thanks for the bread and wine before distributing to them. The bread is a symbol of Jesus’ body which is broken for us. The wine is a symbol of the blood that Jesus offered us. The communion is taken by Christian followers as a remembrance for what Jesus did on the cross. Jesus said that he will not drink wine anymore until the kingdom of God arrives. Jesus will drink wine and celebrate the passover in heaven again when the full number of people have been saved and come into heaven. This is called the supper of the lamb Jesus was beaten and wounded for our transgressions so that we can receive the forgiveness of our sins (Revelation 19:9). His blood was offered to us to cleanse away our sins once and for all. In the Old Testament, the Jews used the blood of animal sacrifices as atonement for their sins. Jesus offered his life blood on the cross at the calvary once and for all on the cross so that there is no need to use the blood of animal sacrifice when asking for forgiveness of our sins. Christians should give thanks to God for their meal before eating because God is the one who supply all our food.
In Luke 22:31-34, Jesus told Peter that Satan has asked to put him into a test but he had prayed for him. He asked Peter to strengthen others when he turned back to God. Jesus predicted that Peter will deny him for three times after the rooster crow. Peter did denied Jesus three times later after Jesus was captured by the enemies. He denied Jesus because he did not want to be caught by them. Christians must persevere in their faith and not deny Jesus no matter in what circumstances. Jesus said that anyone who persevere in his faith to the end will receive a reward in heaven.
In Luke 22:35-38, Jesus is telling his people to avoid the enemies with wisdom because he is going to be handed over to the enemies and leave them. When preaching the gospel, you must use wisdom so that you won’t easily be captured by the enemies.
In Luke 22:39-45, Jesus brought his disciples to the garden of Gethsemane, which is at the foothill of the Mount of Olives. Jesus took along three of his disciples including Peter, James and John. He withdrew from them and prayed three times. He prayed that God will take away the impending fate of him being handed over to the enemies and be crucified on the cross but Jesus prayed that God’s will be done. Each time Jesus came back from praying, he found his disciples asleep. Then, he told them to be awake and keep watch so that they will not fall into temptation. Christians must always anticipate for the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ as he can come at any time. Now is the time to get rid of all your bad habits and live your life for Jesus. Jesus said that no one knows when the second coming of Christ will occur (Mark 13:32).
In Luke 22:46-53, Judas led a group of soldiers to capture Jesus. He signaled to the soldiers who Jesus is by approaching Jesus and giving him a kiss. Then, Jesus questioned Judas if he is betraying him with a kiss. Jesus often referred himself as the son of man because he is the son of Joseph, as many people know, but actually he is the son of God, who reincarnates into the world through power of the Holy Spirit which filled the virgin Mary. One of the disciples of Jesus took a sword and cut off the ear of the high priest’ servant. However, Jesus rebuked the disciple and healed the ear of the high priest servant. Christians cannot take revenge on their enemies. Taking revenge is a sin. Christians are to treat their enemies with love by living peacefully with them and being kind towards him (Matthew 5:44; Luke 6:27; Romans 12:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:15).
In Luke 22:54-62, Peter denied that he know Jesus three times. In the first time, a servant girl charged him by saying that he was with him but Peter denied it. In the second time, the servant girl said he was with Jesus but Peter denied it. In the third time, another person accused Peter that he was with Jesus because he is a Galilean but he denied it. At that moment, the rooster crowed and Peter remembered about the prediction Jesus made about him. Then, he went out and cried about it.
In Luke 22:63-65, the guards mocked, beaten, blindfolded and insulted Jesus (Isaiah 50:6).
In Luke 22:66-71, Jesus was brought on trial before the chief priests and teachers of the law. They asked Jesus if he is the Christ and Jesus replied that he will be seated on the right hand side of the Father God from that moment on. Jesus is seated on the right side of the Father God after he was ascended into the heaven (Mark 16:19). They decided he was guilty after he confessed that he is the son of God. The trial was held for a second time in the morning because it is a requirement for all criminal trials to start and end in the daylight. In addition, it is required that a trial be held at the official meeting place. Previously, the trial was held at the home of Caiaphas, the high priest. The Jewish law also forbid the criminal trial from being held on the Passover.