Luke 23 Outline
– Jesus stand trial before Pilate and Herod (Luke 23:1-25)
– The crucifixion of Jesus (Luke 23:26-43)
– The two criminals who were crucified alongside with Jesus (Luke 23:32-43)
– The death of Jesus (Luke 23:44-49)
– Joseph laid Jesus’ body in a tomb hewn out from a rock (Luke 23:50-56)
Luke 23 Bible Study
In Luke 23:1-25, the people led Jesus to Pilate, the governor of Judea. They led Jesus to Pilate because they are not given the authority to put someone into death sentence. Historically, Pilate is a cruel person . They brought several charges against Jesus including perverting the nation by trying to make them believe that he is the Messiah, telling the people not to pay taxes to Caesar and saying he is the Christ, a king. Jesus did not tell the people not to pay tax to Caesar. He told the people to give what belongs to Caesar to Caesar and give what belongs to God to God (Matthew 22:21; Mark 12:17; Luke 20:25). Pilate asked Jesus if he is the king of the Jews but he said yes. Pilate told the crowd that Jesus is an innocent man but they reacted more fiercely. They argued that Jesus had stirred up the people in the Judea region, starting from Galilee. Therefore, Pilate sent Jesus to Herod, the governor of Galilee. Herod was the one who previously had John the Baptist beheaded (Matthew 14:1-12). Herod was pleased to see Jesus. He had heard about Jesus and wanted to see him perform some miracle. Herod was interested in using Jesus for his entertainment. He attempted to ask Jesus many questions but Jesus did not answer any of them. Then, Herod and his soldiers made fun of Jesus by dressing him in a robe and had him sent back to Pilate. Herod and Pilate became friends after this incident. Pilate wanted to set Jesus free so he asked the crowd if they want him to release Jesus or Barabbas. This is because it is a custom to release a prisoner during the Passover. The crowd demanded to have Barabbas released instead. They shouted for Jesus to be crucified. Barabbas was imprisoned for insurrection and murder.
In Luke 23:26-31, Simon, from Cyrene happened to pass by and they made him carry the cross. Many people followed Jesus as he was being led away to crucifixion. Among the people who followed Jesus were some women. Jesus turned to the women and told them not to cry for him but cry for themselves and their children. Jesus is telling them not to weep for him but for those who have rejected him. Then, Jesus said that if these things are done to the green wood, what will they do to the dry wood. The green wood is Jesus while the dry wood are those who have rejected him. Jesus is telling them that those who reject him will be subjected to God’s punishment. On top of the cross of Jesus was written the King of the Jews.
In Luke 23:32-43, there are two criminals that were crucified alongside with Jesus Christ. One of the criminals is crucified on the left side of Jesus while the other criminal is crucified on the right side of Jesus. One criminal insulted Jesus by asking him to save them if he claimed to be the Christ. The other criminal rebuked him for showing no reverence to God. He pointed out that they were crucified for their crimes but Jesus was innocent. After that, Jesus said to the criminal who rebuked the other criminal that he will be in heaven with him in the same day.
In Luke 23:44-49, Jesus cried out, saying to the Father God, into his hands he commit his spirit. In John 19:30. it is recorded that Jesus said it is finished, which means he had paid for our sins in full. Jesus Christ was reincarnated to the earth, to be a living sacrifice for our sins on the cross. His life blood is offered up at the calvary as an atonement for our sins, so that by believing in him, we can receive forgiveness and inherit eternal life. The veil that divided the Most Holy Place and Holy Place in the temple was torn in two when Jesus died. This means that the barrier between us and God have been removed after we believe in Jesus Christ. Once your sins are forgiven, you will have free access to God’s throne. This is because sin creates a barrier that separate us and God. In Romans 10:9, anyone can be saved by confessing that Jesus is Lord and believing in the heart that Jesus had risen from the dead on the third day.
In Luke 23:50-56, a righteous man called Joseph from Arimathea went to Pilate and demanded for the body of Jesus. He took the body of Jesus, wrapped it in a linen cloth and placed it in a tomb. The women saw Joseph laid his body in the tomb. After that, they returned home to prepare spices and perfumes to embalm the body of Jesus. They rested on the Sabbath because they are not supposed to do any work on the Sabbath day. On the Sabbath day, you must not work, buy or ask someone to look after your business (Deuteronomy 5:24; Nehemiah 10:31; Jeremiah 17:27). Unless it is an urgent matter, you must obey the Sabbath law (Mark 2:28). The Sabbath law is necessary to obey even though it is an Old Testament law. In Matthew 23:3, Jesus told his disciples to obey the teachings of the Pharisees but don’t learn their examples because they are hypocrites who don’t do what they preach (Matthew 19:16-30). Christians don’t need to obey the laws about rites, festivities and complicated laws such as stoning in the Old Testament.