2 Chronicles 28 Outline
– The idolatry of Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:1-4)
– God sent Syria to attack Judah and deported the people to Damacus (2 Chronicles 28:5)
– God sent King Pekah of Israel to attack Judah (2 Chronicles 28:6-7)
– The Israelites soldiers carried away 200,000 wives, sons, daughters and plunders (2 Chronicles 28:8)
– The prophet Oded rebuked the Israelites and advised them to send the captives back (2 Chronicles 28:9-11)
– The Israelites give up the Judean captives and plunders (2 Chronicles 28:12-15)
– Ahaz sought help from Assyria over the Edomites and Philistines raided Judah (2 Chronicles 28:16-21)
– Ahaz worshiped the gods of Damascus (2 Chronicles 28:22-23)
– Ahaz shut the doors of the temple (2 Chronicles 28:24)
– Ahaz built altars at every street corner in Jerusalem and high places in every town (2 Chronicles 28:25)
– Ahaz died and his son, Hezekiah succeeded him as king over Judah (2 Chronicles 28:26-27)
2 Chronicles 28 Summary
Ahaz started to reign in Judah when he was 20 years old. He reigned in Judah for 29 years. He made cast idols of Baals and worshiped them, offered sacrificed at the Valley of Ben Hinnom, and sacrificed his children in fire. He walked in the idolatry sins of the Canaanites. He offered sacrifices and incense at the high places, hilltops and under every spreading tree.
Because of this, God handed him over to the Syrians. The Syrians defeated him and carried away many of the people of Judah and brought them to Damascus. God sent the Israelites to attack Judah because of their idolatry sins. King Pekah, son of Remaliah from Israel attacked and killed 120,000 soldiers in Judah. Then, they carried away 200,000 women, sons and daughters and a great deal of plunder. The Ephraimite, Zicri, killed the king’s son called Maaseiah, the person in charge of the palace, Azrikam and Elkanah, an official who was second to the king.
A prophet called Oded warned the Israelite soldiers that what they had done is too much and that they should send back the captives from Judah. Several leaders in Israel including Ephraim, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth, and Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai confronted the soldiers who just arrived from the war. The Israelites decided to give up the captives and plunders. From the plunders, they gave every captive food, drink, clothes, sandals and healing balm. They put those who are weak on the donkeys and sent them back to Jericho. After that, they returned to Samaria.
At this time, Ahaz sought help from the Assyrian king. The Edomites attacked and carried away prisoners from Judah. The Philistines had raided the Negev in Judah. In addition, they also captured and occupied a number of towns including Bethshemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, Shocho, Timnah, and Gimzo. He take the treasures from the temple, palace and princes and gave them to the Assyrian king but Assyria still refuse to help. Ahaz worshiped the gods of Damascus because he thought that Damascus win because their gods helped them so if he worship the gods of Damascus, he will be helped as well.
Ahaz closed the doors of the temple. He assembled all the furnishings in the temple and took them away. He built altars at every street corner in Jerusalem. He built high places in every town and burned sacrifices to foreign gods. Other events concerning Ahaz’s reign was recorded in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel. When Ahaz died, he was not buried in the tombs of the kings but he was buried in the city of Jerusalem. His son, Hezekiah succeeded him after he died.
2 Chronicles 28 Bible Study
1. The sin of idolatry
Ahaz did not believe in God. He worshiped idols. As a result, God punished him by sending Syria, Israel, Edom and Philistia to attack him. In Deuteronomy 4:28, idols are work of men’s hands, wood and stone which cannot see, hear, eat or smell. In Psalm 115:5,7, idols have mouth but cannot speak. They have eyes but cannot see. In Galatians 5:19-21, idolatry is a sin and anyone who practice idolatry will not inherit the kingdom of God. In 1 Peter 4:1-3, we should abide in the will of God and die to the evil fleshly desires including lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revelings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries.
2. Love one another and live in unity in Christ
The Israelites soldiers heeded the advice of the prophet, Oded, who encouraged them to send back the Judean captives, who were their fellow brethen from the same family line. They provided them with clothes, sandals, food, drink, and healing balm from the plunders and sent them back to Jericho. We should always love our enemies and help them when they are in trouble. If you do this, your enemy will be touched and he will befriend you as well (Luke 6:27; Matthew 5:44; Luke 6:35; Romans 12:20). As Christians, we should love one another and live in peace in Christ. In 1 John 4:7, we should love one another because love comes from God. Anyone who love is born of God.
3. Only rely on God when you face problem
Ahaz did not rely in God but he tried to gain the help of Assyria by sending him treasures from the temple, palace and the princes. When you face problem, you should only look to God for help. If you trust in God and persevere in putting your faith in him, God will never disappoint you. In Romans 10:13, everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.