Matthew 21 Outline
– Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem (Matthew 21:1-11)
– Jesus drove out the buyers and sellers in the temple (Matthew 21:12-17)
– Jesus curses a fig tree (Matthew 21:18-22)
– The chief priests and elders question Jesus about his authority (Matthew 21:23-27)
– The parable of a man with two sons (Matthew 21:28-32)
– The parable of the vineyard tenants (Matthew 21:33-46)
Matthew 21 Bible Study
In Matthew 21:1-11, Jesus sent two disciples ahead of him into a village. He instructed them that they will find an ass and a colt tied in the village. They are to untie the ass and colt and bring them to him. This fulfills the prophesy of Zechariah 9:9 that Jesus will come to Jerusalem riding on an ass, a colt, the foal of a ass. The disciples found the ass and the colt as they were commanded and brought them to Jesus. The crowds set their clothes on the ass, colt and the road. They also cut branches and set them on the ground. As Jesus sat on the ass and enter into the Jerusalem city, they shout Hosanna to the son of David. Hosanna is a term that means save now. Son of David is a title that refer to Jesus as Messiah. Jesus knew that he would be handed into the hands of the Pharisees and chief priests yet he came to Jerusalem, without any fear, in order to fulfill the prophesy of the prophets that he will be crucified and resurrected.
In Matthew 21:12-17, Jesus drove out all the people that are conducting buying and selling activities in the temple. He overturned the money changers table and seats of the dove sellers. He rebuked them for turning the temple into a den of thieves, instead of a house of prayer. He healed the blind and lame at the temple. The children praised him for the healing miracles that he did at the temple. When the chief priests heard the praises of the children, they were angry. Jesus answered them by saying this fulfills the prophesy.
In Matthew 21:18-22, Jesus was hungry and he came to a fig tree to find some figs to eat. When he finds nothing, he cursed it and it withered away immediately. Jesus did this to show that faith allows you to do anything. If you have faith in God in your prayer, God will hear and answer it.
In Matthew 21:23-27, the chief priests and elders questioned Jesus by what authority he is doing. He was not afraid of going back to the temple. In turn, Jesus questioned them whether the baptism of John is from heaven or men. They reasoned among themselves that they cannot say it is from heaven because he will questioned why he didn’t believe in him or from men because they are afraid of the crowd because many regard John, the Baptist as a prophet. Because they couldn’t answer, Jesus refused to give them an answer. Jesus knew they want to trap him in his words.
In Matthew 21:28-32, Jesus tell a parable of two sons. In the parable, a man has two sons. One day, he came to the first son and asks him to work in the vineyard. The first son said he will not go but he later regretted and went. The man also asked the second son to the vineyard to work. The second son said he will go but he did not go. Jesus is using this parable to show that we must live out our lives for God and not just saying it with our moth. The religious leaders at that time are hypocrites who talk about pursuing righteousness for God but they never do it. They are not sincere in repenting. Instead, the people who sincerely repent will inherit the kingdom of God.
In Matthew 21:33-46, Jesus told the people about a parable of the tenants. In the parable, a landowner planted a vineyard. He built a wall, winepress and watchtower in it. After that, he rented it to some farmers. During harvest time, he sent his servants to the vineyards to collect the fruits. They beat one of the servants, kill another servant and throw stones at the third servants. The landowner sent more servants on the second time and they treated them in the same way. Finally, he sent his son to them. When the tenants saw his son, they killed him. Jesus is the son, described in the parable. The landowner is God. The servants that are sent to the tenants are the prophets. We are the tenants, temporary residents on the earth. God own the whole earth and everything in it. Jesus is using the parable to warn that anyone who rejects him will receive punishment. He is the cornerstone. The Pharisees knew that he was speaking about them and they make plans to kill him.