Matthew 22 Outline
– The wedding banquet parable (Matthew 22:1-14)
– Pay taxes to government (Matthew 22:15-22)
– No Marriage in resurrection (Matthew 22:23-33)
– The most important commandment in the Bible (Matthew 22:34-40)
– Jesus is the son of God (Matthew 22:41-46)
Matthew 22 Bible Study
In Matthew 22:1-14, Jesus tell about a wedding banquet parable. In the parable, a king had prepared a wedding banquet for his son. Servants are sent to invite the guests but they gave excuses and did not come. Some capture the servants, mistreat them and put them to death. When the king found out about it, he was angry and he sent army to kill them. The king sent his servants to invite guests on the streets. Later, the wedding banquet is filled with good and bad people. When the king saw someone not wearing wedding clothes, he commanded his servant to tie him foot and hand and thrown into the outer darkness. Jesus is using the parable to describe that the gospel is preached to many people but only a few will make it into the kingdom of heaven. The guests that did not come to the wedding banquet when they were called for the first time is the Israelites. The Israelites sinned and turn to worship other idols. It makes God angry and he sent enemies to attack their cities. Because of the stubbornness of the Israelites, salvation is opened to other people around the world. Anyone who respond to gospel with faith can be saved. However, only the chosen ones, only those that do the will of God, can enter into the kingdom of heaven.
In Matthew 22:15-22, the Pharisees tested Jesus by asking him if it is right to pay tax to Caesar. Jesus rebuked them for trying to trap him. He asked them to show him a coin and asked them the potrait and inscription of the person. They replied Caeser. Then, Jesus said that they should pay the appropriate amount of tax to Caesar and God as required. We should not cheat the government of the tax. Cheating the government tax is stealing. We should pay our tithes, a tenth of what we earned from our income. The tithe should be paid to the church.
In Matthew 22:23-33, the Sadducees asked Jesus which man a wife will belong if she marries 7 times. In the Old Testament law, a brother must marry the wife of his brother if he die without having children. The Sadducees pointed out that there are 7 brothers. The woman marry all 7 brothers but didn’t have any children by them. The Sadducees asked whose wife will she be at resurrection. Jesus replied that there is no marriage at resurrection. In heaven, a person will neither marry or give in in marriage.
In Matthew 22:34-40, Jesus said that the greatest commandment is to love god with all your heart, soul and mind. The second greatest commandment is to love your neighbor as yourself. We must live in peace and love one another. The laws in the bible sums up to the two commandments.
In Matthew 22:41-46, Jesus questioned the Pharisees about who he thinks the Christ is. They replied the son of David. Jesus quoted a passage from Psalm 110:1, that David said the Lord said to my Lord. Jesus is saying that he is the son of God.