Matthew 27 Outline
– Judas became guilty for betraying Jesus and he hanged himself (Matthew 27:1-10)
– Jesus stood before the governor, Pilate (Matthew 27:11- 31)
– Jesus was crucified (Matthew 27:32-44)
– Jesus died (Matthew 27:45-56)
– Jesus was buried in a tom at a hewn out rock (Matthew 27:57-61)
– The chief priests and Pharisees asked for more guards to secure the tomb of Jesus (Matthew 27:62-66)
Matthew 27 Bible Study
In Matthew 27:1-10, the chief priest and elders decided to put Jesus to death. They tied him up and led him to the governor Pilate because they don’t have to authority to sentence anyone to death. Judas regretted what he had done. He threw the money into the temple and committed suicide by hanging himself. The chief priests used the money to purchase the potter field, which is used as a burial place for foreigners. The field is called the Field of Blood until today. This fulfilled the prophesy of Jeremiah that they used the 30 pieces of silver coins to buy the potter’s field.
In Matthew 27:11-26, Jesus was brought before the governor Pilate. Pilate asked Jesus whether he is the king of the Jews and Jesus replied that he is. Jesus did not make any answer when the chief priests and elders made an accusation. Pilate asked the crowd whether they want him to release Barabbas or Jesus Christ. Barabbas is a criminal. It was their custom to release a prisoner of the crowd’s choice at the feast. The crowd shouted for Barabbas to be freed instead of Jesus. Pilate’s wife told him that she has suffered greatly from a nightmare because of Jesus so she asked him not to have anything to do with him. Pilate washed his hand before the crowd and said he is not responsible for his blood. The Jews answered let the responsibility of Jesus’ execution be on them. They released Barabbas and flogged Jesus before crucifying him. It was because the Jews first rejected the gospel that it is opened to the Gentiles so that whoever that believes in him can be saved.
In Matthew 27:27-31, the soldiers stripped off Jesus’ clothes. Then, they put a scarlet robe over him. They made a crowns of thorns and put it on his head. They put a staff into the right hand of Jesus. After that, they knelt before him and said ‘Hail, king of the Jews’. Later, they abused him by spitting and hitting his head over and over again. Finally, they took off the scarlet robes and put his own clothes on him and led him to the crucifixion.
In Matthew 27:32-44, a man named Simon from Cyrene happened to be passing by when they were taking Jesus to Golgotha to be crucified. They made Simon carry the cross for them. Golgotha is a designated place where prisoners are taken to be crucified. They gave Jesus some wine mixed with gall but he was reluctant to drink it. It was usual for the Roman soldiers to offer sour wine for the criminals to reduce their consciousness of their agony. The clothes of Jesus was divided into many pieces and the soldiers cast lots of it. On top of the crucifix where Jesus was crucified is written This is Jesus, The King of the Jews. Pilate is the one who has the notice prepared and fastened it to the cross. The chief priests objected to give Jesus the title as the King of the Jews. However, Pilate refused to take down the inscription (John 19:19-22). Two other robbers were crucified along with Jesus. Many people rebuked Jesus by saying that he can’t save himself but he said he can destroy the temple and rebuild it in 3 days. The chief priests, teachers of the law and elders mocked him by asking to come down from the cross and save himself if he said he is the son of God. Jesus abandoned all the riches in heaven and become poor while on earth so that we can receive salvation. Although Jesus was crucified on the cross, the people did not appreciate it but blaspheme him.
In Matthew 27:45-56, Jesus cried out to God because he felt forsaken. He did not sin yet he become a sin sacrifices for our sins so that we can receive salvation through him. Jesus’ death fulfill the plan of God so that everyone who believes in him can receive redemption and forgiveness of sins. They mocked Jesus by saying he is Elijah even until the time of his death. Before Jesus died, he said it is finished, which means he has paid the full price for our sins. As soon as Jesus die, the temple veil, which separates the holy and most holy place is torn into two. The temple veil represents the barrier of sin that separates us between God. There was earthquake and the graves of the saints are opened. Many saints that have died a long time ago have been resurrected from the dead.
In Matthew 27:57-61, a man named John took down the body of Jesus and wrapped it in a linen cloth. After that, he put it in a tomb which is cut out of a rock. It is expensive to set up a tomb out of the rock. A large stone is rolled over the entrance to the tomb to prevent people from disturbing the corpse. Usually, the body of criminals that are crucified is left on the cross. However, the Romans can grant permission for the body to be taken down during the passover.
In Matthew 27:62-66, the chief priests and Pharisees asked for guards to secure the tomb because they remembered Jesus said he will rise from the dead. They did not want the disciples to steal the body and make claim that Jesus has been risen from the dead. Pilate give them permission to secure the tomb with as many guards as they want.