Matthew 5 Outline
– Jesus teach the crowds about the beatitudes (Matthew 5:1-12)
– Salt and light of the earth (Matthew 5:13-16)
– God’s words will never pass away until they are fulfilled (Matthew 5:17-20)
– Murder, anger and forgiveness (Matthew 5:21-26)
– Lust and adultery (Matthew 5:27-30)
– Divorce and adultery (Matthew 5:31-32)
– Don’t swear (Matthew 5:33-37)
– Don’t take revenge (Matthew 5:38-42)
– Be kind to your enemies (Matthew 5:43-48)
Matthew 5 Bible Study
In Matthew 5:1-12, the poor in spirit refers to those who deny themselves. If you abide in the Holy Spirit, you will deny yourself and not follow your fleshly desire. They that mourn refer to the people that cry over people that were led astray from God. The meek are those that are humble towards the Lord. Those that hunger and thirst after righteousness are those that do the will of God. The merciful are those that have compassions for others. The pure in heart are those that keep themselves clear from all kinds of unholy thoughts and desires. The peacemakers are those that live in peace with everyone even when facing a difficult situation. Those that are persecuted for righteousness sake are those who are persecuted for preaching the gospel. When you are persecuted for Jesus’ sake, you will receive rewards in heaven.
In Matthew 5:13-16, we are the light of the earth. Christians must preach the gospel to others so that the light of the Lord Jesus Christ can shine through them as well.
In Matthew 5:17-20, Jesus came to fulfill the prophesies of the prophets. Not a jot of God’s word will disappear until every prophesies has been fulfilled. Christians must obey every commandment in the Bible in order to inherit eternal life. The Pharisees and teachers of the law are hypocrites. They added a lot of laws in addition to the law that God gave Moses. We must not be like the Pharisees and do what we preach.
In Matthew 5:21-26, Jesus said that anyone who hate his brother is a murderer. Raca is a word used to scold a person as contemptuous. Anyone who rebuke his brother as fool will be subject to damnation in Hell. If you want to ask for God’s forgiveness, you must first go and ask for forgiveness from the person whom you have offended. If you don’t forgive your enemy, God will not forgive you as well.
In Matthew 5:27-30, Jesus said that anyone who look lustfully at a woman is considered as an adulterer. Jesus is not saying that you should cut off your body members if it cause you to sin. He is emphasizing the importance of keeping ourselves holy for God so that we won’t end up in Hell. Everyone has a spirit. The spirit never die and will live forever. After you die, you will either go to heaven or hell depending on whether you have faithfully follow God.
In Matthew 5:31-32, Jesus said that a person who divorce his wife unless of marital unfaithfulness is causing his wife to become subjected to adultery. If another man marries the woman, the man is committing adultery. A divorced woman can choose to reconciled with her husband. If you are divorced not because of marital unfaithfulness and you remarry someone else, you and your spouse should ask God for forgiveness.
In Matthew 5:33-37, Jesus said that swearing is a sin because you have no power to control what will happen in the future. You don’t know what will happen in the future so you should not swear. Swearing on something that you are uncertain to accomplish is like telling a lie. You should only promise people to do something you have the ability to do. If the task is not possible to accomplish, you should not give your promise to the person.
In Matthew 5:38-42, Jesus said we must not take revenge against our enemies. We must live in peace with our enemies and be kind to them. If anyone asks you for something, you should do what you can to help him.
In Matthew 5:43-48, Jesus said we must love our enemies. We must pray for people who persecute us.