2 Chronicles 34 Outline
– Josiah was 8 years old when he reigned in Judah (2 Chronicles 34:1-2)
– Josiah get rid of all kinds of idolatries in Judah including Baal altars, Asherah poles, cast idols, cast images (2 Chronicles 34:3-7)
– Josiah sent Shaphan, Maaseiah and Joah to repair the temple in order to purify the land and the temple (2 Chronicles 34:8)
– Shaphan, Maaseiah and Joah handed the money to Hilkiah (2 Chronicles 34:9)
– The money was entrusted to the supervisors who use them to pay the workers (2 Chronicles 34:10)
– Money was used to buy materials for repairing the ruined items such as dressed stones, timber for joists and beams (2 Chronicles 34:11)
– The Merarites and Kohathites and other Levites in charge of the labors and do other works (2 Chronicles 34:12-13)
– Hilkiah found the book of the Law and he told Shaphan about it (2 Chronicles 34:14-15)
– Shaphan reported to the king that the money has been used for repairing the temple (2 Chronicles 34:16-17)
– Shaphan read the book of the Law in the king’s presence (2 Chronicles 34:18)
– The king tore his robes when he heard the words of the law read by Shaphan (2 Chronicles 34:19-20)
– The king sent a few men to inquire about God’s judgment on Judah because the people had sinned against him (2 Chronicles 34:21)
– The prophetess, Huldah pronounced judgment will surely arrive in Judah but it will not take place during Josiah’s reign because he was repentant (2 Chronicles 34:22-28)
– Josiah read the book of the law in the presence of the people at the temple (2 Chronicles 34:29-30)
– Josiah, the people of Judah and Jerusalem, the priests and Levites made a covenant to obey God (2 Chronicles 34:31-32)
– Josiah destroyed all the idols in Israel’s territory and the people were obedient to God’s law as long as Josiah lived (2 Chronicles 34:33)
2 Chronicles 34 Summary
Josiah became the king of Judah when he was 8 years old. He ruled in Jerusalem for 31 years. During his reign, he rid Judah of all the idols including tearing down the Baal altars, cut the Baal altars above them into pieces, and smashed Asherah poles, cast idols and cast images. He smashed the Asherah poles, cast idols and cast images to pieces and then scattered them over the graves of the priests that offered sacrifices to them. He also burned the bones of the priests on their altars. He ground the idols to powder and cut the incense altars into pieces.
Josiah sent Shaphan, Maaseiah, Joah and the recorder to repair the temple during the 18th year of his reign. They handed the money to the high priest, Hilkiah. Then, they entrusted the money to the supervisors. The supervisors use the money to pay the workers to carry out the temple repair work. The money was also paid to the carpenters and builders to buy dressed stones, timber for joists and beams.
The supervisors of the temple repair workers were the Merarites, Jahath and Obadiah and Kohathites Zechariah and Meshulum. The Levites who can play music instruments also had parts in supervising the laborers involved in the temple repair work. Some Levites worked as secretaries, doorkeepers and scribes.
When they were bringing out the money, Hilkiah found the book of the Law. Shaphan informed the king that the money has been entrusted to the supervisors and paid to the workers. He also informed the king that Hilkiah has found the book of the Law. Then, Shaphan read the book of the Law in the presence of the king. When the king heard what Shaphan said, he tore his clothes.
He sent several men including Hilkiah, Ahikam, Abdon, Shaphan and Asaiah to inquire about what will happen to Judah since the people had sinned against God and not obey the commandments in the book of the Law. They went to inquire the prophetess called Huldah, the wife of Shallum, the son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, a wardrobe keeper. Huldah lived in Jerusalem, the Second District.
When they came to inquire the prophetess, Huldah, she said God will punish Judah for turning away from him but because Josiah was responsive when he heard what was written in the Book of the Law, he will not let the disasters take place during his reign.
Josiah assembled the elders of Judah and Jerusalem. Josiah, the people of Judah and Jerusalem, the priests and the Levites traveled to the temple and made a covenant to God to obey his commandments with all their heart and soul, according to the words written in the Book of the Law.
After that, Josiah destroyed all the idols in the northern kingdom of Israel. As long as Josiah lived, the people never fail to obey God’s commandments.
2 Chronicles 34 Bible Study
1. The idolatry of Judah
Josiah carried out a reform by removing various kinds of idolatries from Judah. He tore down the altars of Baal. He cut into pieces the incense altars. He smashed the Asherah poles, casted idols and casted images. The idolatries in Judah were extended by King Amon, the son of Manasseh. King Amon never humbled himself like Manasseh but he persisted in the idolatry sin and increase it. God forbid bowing down or worshiping idols even if you don’t believe in it (Exodus 20:4). You cannot wear or keep anything that has to do with idolatry even if you don’t believe it such as charm, idol made from precious stones and etc. Idolatries also refers to the things that you put first in life over God such as celebrities, television show and money. God must be in the first place of your life (Matthew 6:33; Isaiah 33:6).
2. Humble yourself and repent from your sins
Josiah’s heart was responsive when Shaphan read the book of the Law to him. He knew that Judah had sinned against God and that God will pour out his judgment on them. Everyday, you should identify the different areas of your life to see whether you have sinned against God in any way. You can ask the Holy Spirit to remind you of your sins if you don’t remember them so that you can confess and ask God for forgiveness (John 14:26). In 2 Chronicles 7:14, if you humble yourself to pray and seek God’s face and turn from your wicked ways, God will hear from heaven and forgive your sins. We should confess our sins to each other and pray for each other. The prayer of a righteous person is effective. If you confess your sins and repent, God who is faithful and just will forgive your sins and purify you from all unrighteousness.