2 Chronicles 36 Outline
– King Jehoahaz demoted by King Necho of Egypt (2 Chronicles 36:1-4)
– King Neco of Egypt assigned Jehoiakim to be governor over Judah (2 Chronicles 36:5-8)
– King Jehoiakim rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar (2 Chronicles 36:9-10)
– King Jehoiachin deported to Babylonia (2 Chronicles 36:11-14)
– King Zedekiah rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar and King Nebuchadnezzar attacked them (2 Chronicles 36:15-16)
– The end of the Davidic dynastic in Judah (2 Chronicles 36:17-21)
– The king of Persia allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem after 70 years of exile (2 Chronicles 36:22-23)
2 Chronicles 36 Summary
After Josiah died in the battle, his son, Jehoahaz became king over Judah. Jehoahaz only ruled for 3 months in Judah. Later, King Necho dethroned him and assigned Eliakim, also known as Jehoiakim as governor over Judah. He carried Jehoahaz away into Egypt. King Necho imposed a tax of 100 talents of silver and 1 talent of gold in Judah.
Jehoiakim ruled for 11 years. He did evil in God’s eyes. Later, King Nebuchadnezzar conquered Egypt so Judah come under his dominion. Jehoiakim rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar so King Nebuchadnezzar attacked him and bounded Jehoiakim in bronze shackles and sent him in exile to Babylonia. King Nebuchadnezzar carried away the temple articles.
At age 18, Jehoiachin succeeded the throne of Judah but he only ruled for 3 months and 10 days. King Nechadnezzar came in the spring to attack and deported him to Babylonia. Zedekiah, the uncle of Jehoiachin ruled Judah in his place after he was deported to Babylonia.
Zedekiah succeeded the throne when he was 21 years old. Zedekiah ruled for 11 years. He ignored God’s warning sent through his prophet to surrender to King Nebuchadnezzar and not escape. As a result, King Nebuchadnezzar attacked him and this comes to the end of the dynasty of Judah.
King Nebuchadnezzar carried away all the articles and treasures in the temple and the treasuries of the king and officials. He deported the remnant survivors to Babylonia. The Babylonians burned down God’s temple and broke down the wall of Jerusalem. They burnt down all the palaces and every valuable thing.
Jerusalem was never restored until the reign of the King of Persia. When Cyrus became king of Persia, he issued a declaration that God had commanded him to build a temple in Jerusalem. Anyone who want to go back to help in the rebuilding of the temple can go back.
2 Chronicles 36 Bible Study
1. Disobediences to God brings curses but obedience to God bring blessings
The disobedience of the Israelites resulted in God’s judgment on Jerusalem. The prophet, Jeremiah had warned Zedekiah not to escape but surrender to King Nebuchadnezzar but they didn’t listen (Jeremiah 38:17). When King Nebuchadnezzar finally broke through Jerusalem, Zedekiah and a few officials escaped through a gate between the two walls at the king’s garden to Arabah but the Babylonian soldiers managed to capture them (2 Kings 25:3-5). Deuteronomy 28:1-14 is a list of blessings for those that obey God’s commandments. Deuteronomy 28:15-68 is a list of curses for those that disobey God’s commandments. In James 4:7, we should submit to God and resist the devil.