Daniel 11 Outline
– The four successive kingdoms (Daniel 11:1-20)
– The evil northern king (Daniel 11:21-39)
– The time of the end (Daniel 11:40-45)
Daniel 11 Bible Study
This prophecy reveals the historical events that took place in the near eastern territory. God revealed the future events in detailed to Daniel because he wanted to give assurance to his people that he is in absolute control of everything. It also serves to remind his people to seek God instead of relying on their own power when faced with the enemies. It explains a time when some of God’s people will resort to use violent means to liberate themselves from the dominion of a pagan kingdom. During this time, the people will be under the reign of an Egyptian kingdom.
There will be a number of riots, which give opportunities for the Jews to rebel against the Egyptian governors. The Jews sought help from the king of Syria to liberate them from their current Egyptian oppressors. However, they did not know that king of Syria will be far more oppressive than the Egyptian rulers. The king of Syria, Antiochus Epiphanes, will attack the holy covenant by desecrating the temple of God. Those that are faithful to God will fight back but they will eventually be slain by the enemies. Hence, the Jews made matters worse by attempting to fulfill the vision themselves. God used these hard times to refine the character of his people.
The little help referenced in the scripture may refer to the Maccabees. The Maccabees were derived from the family line of a Jewish priest called Matathias. One day, a Syrian official commanded Matathias to offer a pagan sacrifice. Matathias was not willing to compromise with the Syrian official so he killed him and fled to the hills. After Matathias died, his son, Judas Maccabeus, led an army to fight the Syrian soldiers. The victory did not made the Jews sincerely convert to the Lord. Ultimately, the deliverance will result in a kingdom that is corrupted.