Exodus 1 Bible Study


Exodus 1 Outline


– The 12 sons of Jacob who went to Egypt (Exodus 1:1-5)

– The Israelites multiply exceedingly in Egypt (Exodus 1:6-7)

– A new pharaoh who don’t know about Joseph put the Israelites into slavery (Exodus 1:8-11)

– The Israelites multiply even more exceedingly in their slaveries (Exodus 1:12-14)

– The new pharaoh commanded the Hebrew midwives to kill the baby boys (Exodus 1:15-16)

– The midwives did not obey Pharaoh because they feared God (Exodus 1:17-19)

– God was kind to the midwives and gave them families of their own because they feared God (Exodus 1:20-21)

– Pharaoh ordered his people to throw every baby boy into the Nile River (Exodus 1:22)


Exodus 1 Summary


A new pharaoh came to power after Joseph and his brothers and that generation died. At this time, the Israelites had already grown into a large community.  Because the Israelites multiply greatly, the new pharaoh started to be afraid of them. He said to his people that the Israelites will surely fight on the enemy side and leave the country if they become too numerous so he came up with an idea to put them into slave labors. Slave masters were assigned over the Israelites. The lives of the Israelites were made bitter in their slaveries but they multiply even more exceedingly in their sufferings.


Then, the new pharaoh commanded the midwives, Shiphrah and Puah to kill all the baby boys but let the baby girls live. The midwives feared God so they did not do what the new pharaoh told them. When the new pharaoh summoned them and questioned them why they did not obey his command, they replied the Hebrew women were vigorous and they give birth before the midwives arrive. Because the midwife feared God, God let them have their own families. Finally, Pharaoh commanded all his people to throw all the Hebrew baby boys into the Nile River.



Exodus 1 Bible Study


1. God is a faithful promise keeper

After the Israelites moved to Goshen, they multiplied exceedingly. This is the result of God’s promise to Abraham. Abraham was initially childless but God told Abraham that he would have a son of his own through his wife Sarai, who will become the heir of his possessions. God promised Abraham that his descendants will be as numerous as the sand on the shore and the stars in the sky. Because Abraham believed in God, God gave him a son in his old age of 100 years old. The Israelites settled in Goshen for 430 years. After they moved to Goshen, they increased from 70 to about 1 million people. God is faithful in keeping his promise (Numbers 23:19; Deuteronomy 7:9; 1 Corinthians 1:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:29; 2 Timothy 2:13) and we should always trust in his promises to us (Psalm 9:10; Psalm 13:5; Psalm 20:7; John 14:1; Romans 15:13).


2. Persevere under trial and oppression

The Israelites multiplied even more exceedingly when Pharaoh assigned task masters to oppress them. Pharaoh put slave masters over the Israelites because he wanted to ruin their health and discouraged them from having children since the children they have will be born as slaves. They held on to the promise God gave Abraham and multiplied even more exceedingly. In Romans 5:3-4, we should rejoice in our sufferings. Sufferings produce perseverance. Perseverance produces character. Character produces hope. In James 1:12, blessed are those who endure temptation because after he is tried, he will receive the crown of life, which God has promised to those who love him. In James 1:3, the trying of your faith works patience. In Galatians 6:9, we should not be weary in well doing because we will reap if we keep on doing so.


3. Fear God

Pharaoh commanded the Hebrew midwives to kill the baby boys but they did not because they feared God. Therefore, God blessed them and give them their own families. We must fear God and do the right thing by obeying his commandments over listening to the authorities. When you care for God’s business and serve him, God will also take care of your needs (Matthew 6:33). In Psalm 111:10, the fear of God is the beginning of wisdom. All who practice it have good understanding and his praise will endure forever. In Proverbs 16:6, iniquity is purged by mercy and truth. The fear of the Lord causes men to depart from evil.