Exodus 10 Outline
– Moses and Aaron confronted Pharaoh and asked him to let the Israelites go otherwise God will strike Egypt with the worst plague of locusts (Exodus 10:1-6)
– Some officials advised Pharaoh to let the Israelites go and Pharaoh agreed but he did not want the women and children to go (Exodus 10:7-11)
– God struck Egypt with the plague of locusts (Exodus 10:12-15)
– Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and admitted his fault and asked them to pray for the locusts to go away (Exodus 10:16-17)
– Moses prayed for the locusts to go away and God sent a strong west wind to blow them into the Red Sea (Exodus 10:18-19)
– Pharaoh was stubborn again and he refused to let the Israelites go (Exodus 10:20)
– God struck Egypt with the plague of darkness for 3 days (Exodus 10:21-23)
– Pharaoh agreed to let the Israelites go and worship God but he want the livestock to stay behind (Exodus 10:24)
– Moses said they must go with the livestock because they need to use some to offer sacrifices (Exodus 10:25-26)
– Pharaoh did not want the livestock to go with the Israelites and he asked Moses to never appear before him again otherwise he will die (Exodus 10:27-29)
Exodus 10 Summary
Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and asked him to let the Israelites go otherwise God will strike Egypt with the worst plague of locusts ever since the day they came to settle in the land. There will be so many locusts that all the ground of Egypt will be covered and look black. The officials advised Pharaoh to let the Israelites go because Egypt is already ruined.
Then, Pharaoh called in Moses and Aaron and told them that they could go to worship God but he asked who will be going. Moses replied they will go with their young and old, children and livestock to celebrate a festival. Pharaoh replied that he is bent on evil for wanting to go out of Egypt with the women and children. Pharaoh said he will only let the men go. After that, the officials drove out Moses and Aaron from Pharaoh’s presence.
God instructed Moses to stretch out his hand over Egypt so that locusts come to swarm the land. Moses did as God has commanded him and stretched out his staff over Egypt. God made a strong east wind blow across the land and so many locusts invaded Egypt that they covered all of the ground. Everything that was left from the hail storm including every green and fruits were eaten by the locusts.
Pharaoh called in Moses and Aaron again and told them that he had sinned against God and to pray for the locusts to go away. After Moses left, he prayed to God to get rid of the locusts and God made a strong west wind blow so that the locusts were blown into the Red Sea. Not a single locust was left in Egypt. Despite that, Pharaoh’s heart becomes hardened again and he refused to let the Israelites go.
God commanded Moses to stretch out his hand towards the sky so that darkness will fall over Eygpt. Moses did so and darkness fall over the entire Egypt but Goshen, the place where the Israelites lived had light. The darkness that affect Egypt was so dark that no one could see anyone or leave his place. Egypt was covered with darkness for 3 days. Pharaoh called in Moses and said that the Israelites could go out of Egypt to worship God but they must leave their livestock behind.
Moses said they can’t leave without the livestock because they need to use some of the animals for the sacrifice. Pharaoh’s heart was hardened again and he commanded Moses to get out from his presence and never to appear before him again. Pharaoh said on the day Moses appeared before him, he will die. Moses replied he will never appear before him again just as he said.
Exodus 10 Bible Study
1. God brings down the proud and honor those who are humble
Pharaoh refused to humble himself and let the Israelites go. He was proud and did not acknowledge God so God struck Egypt with many plagues to make him humble himself and let the Israelites go. In James 4:6, God opposed the proud but he gives grace to the humble. In Matthew 23:12, whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased and he that humble himself shall be exalted.
2. Surrender all to God
As more and more plagues happen, Pharaoh gradually softened his heart but he did not surrender all to God. When Moses told Pharaoh that God will send locusts to invade the land, Pharaoh agreed to let the Israelites men go but not the women and children. Later, after God struck Egypt with 3 days of darkness, Pharaoh relented and agreed to let the Israelites go but not the livestock. We must not half-heartedly surrender to God but surrender all to God. In James 4:7, we must submit to God and resist the devil so that he will flee from us. In Luke 9:62, no one, having put his hand to the plough and look back is fit for God’s kingdom. In Philippians 3:13, we must forget what is behind and strain toward what is ahead, our hope in Christ.
3. Prayer changes things
Every time Pharaoh agreed to let the Israelites go and asked Moses to pray to God to stop the plague, Moses would pray for him and God would stop the plague. Whenever you face a difficult situation, you should pray to God and ask him to help you. We should cast all our anxieties to God because he cares for us (1 Peter 5:7; Psalm 37:5-6; Proverbs 16:3). Jesus said all who are burdened and weary can come to him and he will give them rest (Matthew 11:28). Whoever that calls on the name of the Lord Jesus Christ can be saved (Romans 10:13).