Exodus 16 Outline
– The Israelites grumbled about having no meat to eat (Exodus 16:1-3)
– God promised to rain down bread in the morning and meat in the twilight (Exodus 16:4-12)
– Quails covered the camp in the twilight and manna in the form of dew on the ground around the camp (Exodus 16:13-15)
– Moses instructed the Israelites to collect just enough manna on weekdays and twice as much they needed on the sixth day (Exodus 16:16-31)
– Moses instructed Aaron to keep an omer of manna in the jar for the future generations (Exodus 16:32-36)
Exodus 16 Summary
The Israelites set out from Elim and reached the Desert of Sin. The Desert of Sin is situated in between Elim and Sinai. The Israelites complained against Moses about having no meat to eat. God knew their needs and rained down bread from heaven in the morning and meat in the twilight. Moses instructed the Israelites to collect twice as much as they need on the sixth day because they are to rest on the seventh day. The seventh day is the Sabbath.
Then, Moses instructed Aaron to tell the entire Israelite community to come before God because he has heard their grumbling. As Aaron was speaking to the people, they saw the glory of God in the cloud. God told Moses that he has heard the grumbling of the Israelites and he will send meat in the twilight and bread in the morning.
On that evening, lots of quail came and covered the camp. In the next morning, a layer of dew covered ground near the camp. The Israelites asked each other what is that and Moses replied it is the bread that God supplied. Moses instructed them to take an omer for each person in their tent. Some Israelites gathered much and some gathered little. After measuring, they discovered that they collected just enough for themselves. Moses instructed them not to keep leftover until morning. Some of them did not listened and they kept leftovers until morning. As a result, the manna stank and maggots grew in it.
On the sixth day, they are to collect twice as much as they need and keep the leftovers until morning because they are not supposed to work on the seventh day, the Sabbath. Moses instructed Aaron to keep an omer of manna in the jar and place it before the ark of the Testimony before the Lord. The Israelites ate manna for 40 years until they reached the land of Canaan.
Exodus 16 Bible Study
1. Don’t grumble
The Israelites grumbled against Moses about having no meat. Grumbling is a sin. Many Christians like to grumble about the circumstances. No matter what your problem is, you should not grumble but stay calm because you sin when you grumble. One of the fruits of the Holy Spirit is patience. We should have patience with people. Loving others is the most important commandment in the bible. If you love others, you will not stay calm and not grumble. We should always thank God no matter how difficult the situation is so that other people can see the life of Jesus Christ in us.
2. God takes care of his people
God cared for his people, the Israelites, by providing them manna in the morning and quails in the twilight. We should cast all our anxieties on God because he cares for our needs. We should not worry about our future but surrender all our worries to God and let him guide us (Matthew 6:34). If you follow God’s leading, you will be able to walk in his wonderful plan (Jeremiah 29:11).
3. Don’t be stubborn and disobey God
The Israelites were stubborn and disobeyed God by collecting more manna than they need. We must always be obedient to follow God’s commandments. After you become Christian, you must completely surrender your life to God. If you completely surrender your life to God, the Holy Spirit will guide you and change you into more and more like Christ. The Holy Spirit can help you to cultivate the 9 fruits of the Holy Spirit including love, joy, peace, long suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, and temperance (Galatians 5:22-23). If you are a Christian yet you disobey God’s commandment, you will still go to hell just like the non believers (James 2:10).
4. Jesus Christ is the manna from heaven
God rained down manna from heaven to feed the Israelites for 40 years until they reached Canaan. The manna provided enough food for the Israelites so they did not go hungry. Jesus Christ is the manna from heaven. He is the bread of life. We must read God’s words and carry it out in our lives every day (John 6:54-56).