Exodus 18 Outline
– Jethro visited Moses with his wife, and two sons (Exodus 18:1-6)
– Moses welcomed Jethro and told him about how God delivered the Israelites from the Egyptians (Exodus 18:7-12)
– Jethro advised Moses to appoint judges to settle the simple cases but the difficult cases should be settled by him (Exodus 18:13-26)
– Jethro returned home to his own country (Exodus 18:27)
Exodus 18 Summary
Jethro along with Moses’wife and his two sons came to visit Moses. Jethro was the father in law of Moses, the father of Zipporah, Moses’ wife. Moses had two sons with his wife, Zipporah including Gershom and Eliezer. Gershom means he has become a foreigner in another land while Eliezer means God had delivered Moses from the sword of Pharaoh.
When Moses saw Jethro, he bowed down and welcomed him into the tent. Jethro was glad to hear about all the good news of how God had delivered the Israelites from the Egyptians. Then, Jethro offered burnt offering and sacrifices to God. Aaron and other elders came to eat bread with him.
On the following day, Moses sat on his seat to judge the cases of the people from morning until evening. When Jethro saw this, he rebuked Moses. Jethro advised Moses to delegate the jobs to officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens so that his burden will be lightened.
Jethro advised Moses to teach these officials about the law of God and let them decide simple cases but the difficult cases should be brought to him. Moses agreed with Jethro and he appointed officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens. Later, Jethro returned to his own country.
Exodus 18 Bible Study
1. Testify for Jesus Christ with words from your mouth wherever we go
When Jethro came, Moses told him about how God delivered the Israelites from the Egyptians. After hearing Moses’ testimony, Jethro now believed in God. Wherever we go, we should always give testimony about Jesus Christ. For example, you can spread the good testimony of another brother of sister in Christ to others so that they can know what God had done in their lives. In 1 Thessalonians 5:11, we should comfort and edify one another. In 2 Corinthians 12:19, everything you do should be to strengthen and build others up in faith. In Ephesians 4:29, we should not let any corrupt communication proceed from our mouth but only that which is good for edifying so that it can minister grace unto others. In Jude 1:20, we should build each other up in our most holy faith and pray in the Holy Spirit. In no matter what circumstances you face, you should pray and give thanks to God so that other people can see the testimony of Jesus Christ in you. If you grumble, you open doorway for the devil to attack you and this produces bad testimony for the non believers.
2. Give glory to God in all that you do
Jethro offered burnt offering and sacrifices to worship and give thanks to God for delivering the Israelites from the hands of the Egyptians. Then, they eat bread before God in the fear of God. We should always give glory to God in all that we do. In 1 Corinthians 10:31, whether you eat or drink or whatsoever you do, you should do it all to the glory of God. In Colossians 3:17, whatever you do, in word or deed, you should do it all in Jesus’ name and give thanks to God, the Father. In 1 Peter 4:11, if anyone speak, he should speak God’s words. If anyone serve, he should do it with God’s strength. In this way, God can be praised through Jesus Christ.
3. Delegate jobs to other people
Jethro advised Moses to delegate the job by appointing judges over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens so that his burden will be lightened. Moses should judge the difficult cases but the judges he appointed should judge the simple cases. Leaders should delegate the jobs to different people so that others have the opportunity to serve God. Every Christian follower has a responsibility to serve God (2 Timothy 2:20-21). Each of us represent a different member of the body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:12-20). Every follower has a spiritual gift from the Holy Spirit. We should use our spiritual gift to serve God and edify others so that God’s kingdom can be furthered (1 Corinthians 12:4011).