Exodus 19 Outline
– The Israelites arrived at the Desert of Sinai (Exodus 19:1-2)
– God had chosen the Israelites to be his people (Exodus 19:3-8)
– God commanded Moses to tell the Israelites to consecrate themselves and put limits around Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:9-15)
– The Israelites met God at the foot of Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:16-22)
– God commanded Moses to bring Aaron up to the mountain (Exodus 19:23-25)
Exodus 19 Summary
The Israelites arrived at the Desert of Sinai on the third month after leaving Egypt. Moses went up to Mount Sinai to meet with God. While on the mountain, God commanded Moses to tell the Israelites that he has chosen the Israelites to be his priests and holy nation. God commanded Moses to instruct the people to wash their clothes and abstain from sexual relations.
Moses is to put limits around the mountain so that no one cam go up the mountain or touch the foot. Anyone who touch the mountain will be stoned to death or killed by an arrow including human and animal.
The Israelites did as Moses commanded them and there was a very loud trumpet blast on the third day. Thunder and lighting were present on the third day. Everyone came out of their camps to meet God at the mountain foot. The trumpet sound increased.
Moses spoke to God and God answered him back. God called Moses up to the mountain. Then, God commanded Moses to tell the people not to force their way to the mountain. The priests who approached God must consecrate themselves. Moses replied that the people cannot come up the mountain because limits had been set up around the mountain.
Then, God commanded Moses to bring Aaron up with him but the priests and others must not come up the mountain. Moses descended the mountain and told the people about it.
Exodus 19 Bible Study
1. Those who hope in God will renew their strength
In Exodus 19:4, God rescued the Israelites from the Egyptians, like how he bore them on eagle wings and brought them out of Egypt. In Isaiah 40:31, those who hope in the Lord shall renew their strength. They shall mount up on wings as eagles. They shall run and not be weary. They shall walk and not faint. We should always put our hope in God and trust in him no matter in what circumstances. God promises deliverance to those who trust in him and put their hopes on them. We should cast all our anxieties to God because he cares for us (1 Peter 5:7). Jesus said those who are weary and burdened can come to him and he will willingly exchange his burden with them for Jesus’ yoke is light and easy (Matthew 11:28-30).
2. All Christian believers are God’s priests
The nation of Israel is the first nation that God chose as his people. Because the Israelites were stubborn and rejected God, the offer of salvation is now being made available to people around the world. Anyone who confess Jesus Christ is Lord and believe that he has risen from the dead on the third day can receive the offer of eternal life regardless of his background, race, nation, tribe and etc. In 1 Peter 2:5, we are like lively stones, are built up a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. We are God’s chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a peculiar people, that you should show forth the praises of him who has call out of darkness into his marvelous light (1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6). Every Christian believer has the responsibility to spread the gospel to the people around them.
3. Be holy for God
God commanded Moses to tell the Israelites to consecrate themselves by washing their clothes and abstain from sexual relations. God wants complete obedience to him. We must be holy for God and get rid of every bad habits in our lives such as smoking, addiction, and etc. We must be holy for God because God is holy (1 Peter 1:16; James 2:10).