Exodus 20 Bible Study


Exodus 20 Outline


– The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-21)

– Don’t make idols alongside God (Exodus 20:22-23)

– God gave instruction regarding altars (Exodus 20:24-26)



Exodus 20 Summary


Exodus 20:3-17 is the Ten Commandments that God gave Moses on Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are:


1. You shall not have any other gods except God.

2. You shall not make any idol, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down or serve the idols (1 John 5:21; Jonah 2:8; Colossians 4:5; Psalm 16:4; Galatians 5:19-21; 1 Corinthians 10:14; Leviticus 19:4).

3. You shall not use the name of God in vain (Leviticus 19:12; Deuteronomy 5:11; Matthew 5:33-37; James 5:12).

4. You shall not work on the Sabbath day including your son, daughter, manservant, maidservant, cattle, or stranger that is within thy gates (Jeremiah 17:27; Deuteronomy 5:14; Nehemiah 10:31; Mark 2:23-27).

5. You shall honor your father and mother mother so that you can have a long life (Ephesians 6:2-3; 1 Timothy 5:4).

6. You shall not kill (James 2:11; James 4:2; Romans 13:9; Romans 1:29).

7. You shall not commit adultery (Matthew 5:32; 1 Corinthians 7:11-12).

8. You shall not steal (Ephesians 4:28; 1 Corinthians 9:10; Proverbs 10:2; Psalm 62:10).

9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor (Proverbs 12:22).

10. You shall not covet your neighbor (Colossians 3:5; Hebrews 13:5; Ephesians 5:5; 1 Timothy 6:10; Matthew 6:24).


The people was afraid after they saw the thunder and lightning. They told Moses to speak to them himself and not have God speak to them. In turn, Moses told the Israelites not to be afraid. Moses told the Israelites that God has come to test them so that they will fear him. The people stood at a distance as Moses approached God in the thick darkness.


God commanded Moses to instruct the Israelites not to make any gods to be alongside with him. He commanded the Israelites not to make any gods of silver or gold.


God commanded Moses to build an altar of earth to sacrifice burnt offerings, fellowship offerings sheep, goats and cattle. God promised blessing when he cause his name to be honored. He commanded the Israelites to not use dressed stones or use a tool on it when they make an altar of stones. He commanded the Israelites not to go up the altar on steps otherwise their nakedness will be exposed on it.



Exodus 20 Bible Study

1. Love God with all your heart and mind

All the commandments of God sum up to loving God with all your heart, soul and mind. If you love God, you will want to obey his commandments (Matthew 22:34-39). You will show love to people and be kind to them if you love God. In 1 John 5:3-5, to love God is to obey his commandments. God’s commandments are not burdensome because we have already overcome the world through Jesus Christ. If you need help in obeying God’s commandments, you can pray to the Holy Spirit to help you (John 14:26). The Holy Spirit is our helper and he helps us to walk on the path of righteousness so that we won’t be led astray.


2. Obey the Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments are necessary to obey. Many Christians assume there is no need to obey the Ten Commandments (Luke 18:20) because the new covenant is in effect. Although the new covenant is in effect, you still need to obey some Old Testament laws but not the ritual, festivals and other complicated laws.