Exodus 21 Outline
– Laws for Hebrew Servants (Exodus 21:1-11)
– Laws about personal injuries (Exodus 21:12-36)
Exodus 21 Summary
Exodus 21:1-11 contains God’s commandments for Hebrew servants. In Exodus 21:1-11, a Hebrew servant must be set free on the 7th year along with his wife. If his wife is a gift from his master and she have children, only the man should go free. If the man choose to stay, the master must take the servant to the door or doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. If a man sell his daughter as servant, she cannot go free unless she does not please him. If the master give the servant girl as wife to his son, she should be regarded as a daughter. If his son marry another woman, he must not neglect her needs including food, clothes and marital rights. If he neglect these things, he must let her go free.
Exodus 21:12-36 contains God’s commandments for personal injuries. In Exodus 21:12-14, anyone murder should be put to death unless he did it unintentionally.
In Exodus 21:15, children who attack their parents must be sentenced to death.
In Exodus 21:16, kidnapper who sells or still has the victim must be put to death.
In Exodus 21:17, children who curse their parents must be sentenced to death.
In Exodus 21:18-19, a man who injure another with a stone or his fist must pay the injured man for the time loss and see to it that he get healed if the injured man did not die and get up and walk around with his staff.
In Exodus 21:20-21, a man who kill his slave with a rod or beatings should be punished unless the slave recovered after 1 ‘“ 2 days.
In Exodus 21:22-25, if a pregnant woman gives birth prematurely after two men hit her during fighting with each other, the two men must pay for whatever her husband demand. If the woman suffer from injury, the two men are to pay back life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.
In Exodus 21:26-27, if a master hit a servant’s eye or tooth and he lost the eye or tooth, he is to let the servant go free.
In Exodus 21:28-32, if a bull gore a man or woman, it must be stoned to death and it cannot be eaten. If the bull has a goring habit and it gore a person as a result of the master failure to keep it penned up, the bull must be stoned and the master must be sentenced to death. If the owner is demanded to make payment, he can redeem his life by making the payment. This rule applies to a person’s son or daughter. If the bull gore a slave, the owner must pay 30 shekels of silver to the master.
In Exodus 21:33-34, if a person dug a pit and fail to cover it and someone’s ox or donkey fall in it, he must pay the master and the dead animal will belong to him.
In Exodus 21:35, if a bull gore another bull until it dies, the live one must be sold and the money be divided. If the bull has a goring habit and it was not penned up, the owner must pay and the dead animal will belong to him.
Exodus 21 Bible Study
1. Love and be kind to people
The laws that God gave to the Israelites is to give fair judgment to the victims. God’s law is written in our hearts. Even a non believer who don’t know God knows he sin because his conscience tells him. The point is that we must love people and be kind to them. If you love God, you will love others as well. The first most important commandment is to love God with all your heart, soul and mind. The second most important commandment is to love others as much as you love yourself (Matthew 22:34-39). In 1 John 4:7-8, anyone who love is born of God and know God because God is love. In John 13:34-35, we must love one another just as Jesus love us. In 1 John 3:16, Jesus loves us so much that he laid down his life for us so we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers as well. In 1 Peter 4:8, we must love one another earnestly. Love covers a multitude of sins. In Hebrews 13:1, let brotherly love continue.