Exodus 28 Bible Study


Exodus 28 Outline


– Priestly garments are to be made for Aaron and his sons (Exodus 28:1-5)

– The ephod (Exodus 28:6-14)

– The breastpiece (Exodus 28:15-30)

– The robe of the ephod, turbans, tunics, headbands, sashes and undergarments (Exodus 28:31-43)



Exodus 28 Summary


God commanded Moses to bring Aaron and his sons including Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. Sacred garments should be made for Aaron to give him dignity and honor including breast piece, ephod, robe, woven tunic, turban and sash. The sacred garments should be made from gold, blue, purple, scarlet yarn and fine linen.


The ephod is to be made from gold, blue, purple, scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen. There are two shoulder pieces that attach to the two corners of the ephod. A woven waistband is to go with the ephod as one set. Two onyx stones that are engraved with the names of the 12 sons of Israel are to be attached to the shoulder pieces. Each of the onyx stone is to bear 6 names of the sons of Israel. The two onyx stones are engraved on the gold ouches. Two braided chains of pure gold attach to the gold ouches.


The breastpiece is to have 12 stones. There are rows and each row has 3 stones. In the first row, there shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle. In the second row, there shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. In the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. In the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper. The breastpiece is tied to the shoulder piece through a braided gold chains. The braided gold chains are attached to the two gold rings at the corners of the breastpiece. The bottom of the breast piece is attached to the ephod, just above the waistband. Aaron is to wear the breast piece whenever he enter into the Holy Place. The Urim and Thummim is to be set on the breastpiece/


The robe of the ephod is to be made from blue cloth completely. There is to be an opening for the head in the center of the ephod. Around the woven edge, there shall be a collar. Pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and gold bells attach to the hem of the robe. The sound of bells show that the priest is still alive in the tabernacle. A gold plate engraven with the word ‘Holy to the Lord’ is to be attached to the turban with a blue cord. The tunic and turban are made from fine linen. Sashes and headbands are made for Aaron’s sons as well. Linen undergarments that reach from the waist to the thigh are to be made. Aaron and his sons must wear the undergarments so that they don’t incur guilt and die. This is a lasting ordinance that Aaron and his sons must follow.



Exodus 28 Bible Study


1. Respect the pastors and ministers

God commanded Moses to make priestly garments for Aaron and his sons so that the Israelites will respect him. Respecting pastors means respecting God. We must respect the pastors and ministers in the church. In 1 Timothy 2:12, a woman is not supposed to teach and exercise authority over a man, rather, she must remain quiet. In 1 Thessalonians 5:12, we must respect those who labor among us and are over us in the Lord and admonish us.


2. Be holy for God

The priestly robe has bells at the bottom on the hem of the garment. When the priest move, the bell will make ringing sound. The purpose of attaching the bell to the hem of the garment is to let the people outside know if the priest is alive of dead. If the priest is dead, the bells would make no sound. If the priest sin while inside the Most Holy Place, he will die. We must be holy for God because God is holy. We must nail our old selves to the cross and stop doing bad habits (Ephesians 4:22-24; w Corinthians 5:17; Romans 6:6; Romans 12:2).