Exodus 33 Bible Study


Exodus 33 Outline


– God don’t want to lead the Israelites into the land of Canaan (Exodus 33:1-3)

– The people removed their ornaments to show their distress about their sins (Exodus 33:4-6)

– Moses often meet and talk to God at the Tent of Meeting (Exodus 33:7-11)

– Moses pleaded with God to lead the Israelites into Canaan and God finally agreed (Exodus 33:12-17)

– Moses asked God to show him his glory (Exodus 33:18-22)



Exodus 33 Summary


God commanded Moses to lead the Israelites to the land of Canaan but he said he will not go with them because he may become angry and destroy them on the way. When the Israelites heard this, they removed their ornaments.


Moses pleaded with God to lead the people into the land of Canaan so that other people may know him by name and that he has found favor with him. After Moses persistently intercede for the people, God finally agreed to go with them.


Moses asked God to show him his glory and God said he will pass by in front of him. God did not allowed Moses to see his face but only his back. When his glory passed by, God will put him in a cleft by the rock and cover up Moses’ face until he has passed by. After that, he will remove his hand and he will see his back. God’s face cannot be seen because anyone who see him will die.


Moses used to enter into the Tent of Meeting, where God will talk to him face to face, like a friend. When Moses enter into the tent, the Israelites would stand at the entrance. Then, the pillar of cloud would come and stay on the tent. When the Israelites saw the pillar of cloud, they would stood and worship. After Moses left the tent, Joshua, his aide would remain there.



Exodus 33 Bible Study


1. Humble yourself with a penitent heart

The Israelites took off their ornaments to show that they are wrong in handing their gold earrings to Aaron, who in turn used them to fashion a golden calf idol. If you have done something wrong and sin against God, you must humble yourself and admit your wrong and repent. In 1 John 1:9, If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.


2. Respect the church leaderships

The people arose and stood and worship God when they saw the pillar of cloud dwell on the Tent of Meeting. They did this to show respect to Moses for his leadership and to show they respect God. In Hebrews 13:17, we must obey the leaders in church and submit to them because they keep watch over our souls, as those will have to give account. We are to obey and submit to the leaders with joy and not groaning because it would be of no advantage.


3. Those who do God’s will are God’s friend

God spoke to Moses face to face in the Tent of Meeting, like his friend. Moses was obedient and he always carried out God’s commandments and his will so he is God’s friend. Anyone who do God’s will is God’s friend. In Matthew 12:50, Jesus said whoever that do the will of the Father in heaven is his brother, sister and mother. In John 15:14, Jesus said you are his friend if you do what he command.


4. Jesus Christ is our mediator

Just as Moses was a mediator between the Israelites and God, Jesus Christ is the mediator between men and God. Jesus Christ always intercede on our behalf to God (Galatians 3:19-20; 1 Timothy 2:5, Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24).