Exodus 34 Outline
– God commanded Moses to chiseled out two stone tablets to replace the first tablets (Exodus 34:1-3)
– God passed over the laws to Moses on Mount Sinai (Exodus 34:4-28)
– Moses’ face shone for he had been speaking to God (Exodus 34:29-32)
– Moses wore veil to cover his face from the Israelites but removed it when he is in God’s presence (Exodus 34:33-35)
Exodus 34 Summary
God commanded Moses to chisel out two stone tablets so that he can write on them the words on the first tablets. Moses previously threw the tablets in anger against the Israelites concerning the worship of the golden calf idol. Moses is to go to the mountain top and no one else should come with him.
Moses chiseled out two stones and went up to Mount Sinai the next morning. God came down in cloud and stood there to proclaim his name, the Lord. passed by and proclaimed himself as a compassionate and gracious God who is slow to anger, abounding in love but always punish the sins of the wicked up to the third or fourth generation. Then, Moses and bowed down. God made a covenant with the Israelites.
God promised to help the Israelites fight the Canaanites and give their land to them. He will make others not covet their land if they celebrate the three festivals every year which are Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Harvest and Feast of Ingathering. The Feast of Unleavened Bread lasts for 7 days, during which the Israelites eat bread made without yeast. The Israelites is to destroy the altars, sacred stones and Asherah poles in Canaan.
God warned the Israelites not to make a treaty with the Canaanites. God prohibits the Israelites from marrying the Caaanite women because they will lead them to commit idolatry.
God prohibits making cast idols.
The firstborns of the womb and livestock belong to God. The firstborn donkey can be redeemed with a lamb. The neck of the donkey should be broken if the owner did not want to redeem it. The firstborn sons must be redeemed.
The Israelites is to observe the Sabbath day. They shall work for 6 days but rest on the seventh days.
God prohibits offering the blood of a sacrifice to him along with anything that contains yeast.
The best of the firstfruits are to be brought to the house of the Lord.
God prohibits cooking a young goat in the mother’s milk.
The people noticed Moses’ face was radiant because he had been speaking with God. Therefore, Moses always wear a veil. He put on the veil after speaking the Israelites. When he was in the presence of God, he would remove the veil.
Exodus 34 Bible Study
1. Keep the moral laws in the Old Testament
After God had relented his anger, he asked Moses to make another set of stone tablets that contain the commandments written on the first two tablets. This shows that God still wants us to obey the moral law, even though the new covenant is in effect now. Jesus Christ’ death nail the curse of the law to the cross including festival laws, rite laws and other complicated laws such as stoning and etc. We must obey the Ten Commandments and other moral laws such as don’t tattoo or cut your body and etc (Luke 18:20).
2. God is gracious and compassionate
In Exodus 34:6-7, God is gracious and compassionate. He maintains his love to thousands, forgiving sins but he punishes the guilty up to the 3rd and 4th generation. No matter how bad you had sin, God is always willing to accept and forgive you. In John 1:9, if we confess our sins, God who is faithful and just and will forgive is our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness. In 2 Peter 3:9, God is not slakc to fulfill his promises as some count slowness, but he is always longsuffering, not willing that any should perish but that all should reach repentance.
3. Don’t worship idols
God commanded the Israelites not to worship idols. Idolatry is a sin. Idolatry does not only refer to worshiping cast idols but it also refer to anything that belongs to your earthly nature such as fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness (Colossians 3:5).
4. Obey the Sabbath day
In Exodus 34:21, God commanded the Israelites to work six days but rest on the seventh day. We also should observe the Sabbath day. The Sabbath day should be Saturday or Sunday, as determined by your church leaders. On the Sabbath day, you should not work or buy (Nehemiah 10:31; Jeremiah 17:27; Deuteronomy 5:14; Luke 18:20; Matthew 12:1-14). It is wrong to hire someone to help you run the business on the Sabbath day even though you are not working. The entire Sabbath day must be dedicated to God and you should not make money or go for entertainment or outing and etc on the Sabbath day. On the Sabbath day, you can pray, worship and serve God.
5. Give your best to God
In Exodus 34:19-20, God commanded the Israelites to give him the first offspring of the womb and livestock. In Exodus 34:21, God commanded the Israelites to give him the firstfruits of the soil. You can also give the firstfruits, the whole portion of the first income you receive, to God to let God bless you. We should give our tithes and offerings with a willing heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, because God loves a cheerful giver (2 Corinthians 9:7).