Exodus 8 Outline
– God struck Egypt with the plague of frogs (Exodus 8:1-7)
– Pharaoh promised to let the Israelites go after Moses after he pray to God to get rid of the frogs but Pharaoh didn’t keep his promise later (Exodus 8:8-15)
– God struck Egypt with the plague of lice (Exodus 8:16-17)
– The magicians couldn’t produce lice by their secret arts and they told Pharaoh it is the work of God but Pharaoh’s heart was hardened (Exodus 8:18-19)
– God struck Egypt with the plague of flies (Exodus 8:20-24)
– Pharaoh asked Moses to pray to God to get rid of the flies and he will let the Israelites go but he hardened his heart later (Exodus 8:25-32)
Exodus 8 Summary
God commanded Moses to tell Aaron to stretch out his hand over the streams, canals and ponds and the land of Egypt was covered with frogs. Pharaoh’s magicians did the same thing and frogs also come up onto the hand. Pharaoh commanded Moses and Aaron to pray to God to get rid of the frogs and he will let them offer sacrifices to God.
Moses asked Pharaoh when he wants him to do this and Pharaoh said tomorrow. Then, Moses promised to pray to God to eliminate the frogs from the land. Moses prayed to God to eliminate the frogs and the frogs died in the houses, courtyards, and fields. The frogs were piled in heaps and there was a bad smell in the land. When Pharaoh saw the relief, he hardened his heart and refused to let the Israelites go.
After that, God commanded Moses to tell Aaron to stretch out his staff and strike the dust on the ground so that the dust will turn into lice. Moses and Aaron did what God commanded and the dust on the land of Egypt was turned into lice. Pharaoh’s magicians tried to produce the lice but they couldn’t. They told Pharaoh that it is the finger of God but Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not listen.
God commanded Moses to go to confront Pharaoh otherwise he will bring swarm of flies on him and his officials, on the Egyptians and into his houses. The Egyptians’ houses and the ground will be full of flies. Pharaoh called in Moses and Aaron and told them to go and sacrifice to God in the land but Moses refused because the sacrifices they offer would be detestable to the Egyptians. Moses insisted on taking a 3 days journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to God, just as God commanded.
Pharaoh then agreed to let the Israelites go to the desert to offer sacrifices to God, on the condition that Moses pray for him. Moses prayed to God to get rid of the flies and not a single fly remained. Despite that, Pharaoh’s heart was hardened again and he would not let the Israelites go.
Exodus 8 Bible Study
1. Don’t harden your heart to God
Pharaoh repeatedly hardened his heart and refused to submit to God. In Exodus 8:9-10, Moses asked Pharaoh when does he want him to pray to God to remove the frogs and Pharaoh said tomorrow. Pharaoh did not said now but he said tomorrow because he wanted to see whether things will come into relief later and if not, Moses can pray tomorrow. Pharaoh was stubborn and if he submitted to God, God would not have struck Egypt with other plagues. We must be completely obedient to God’s commandments and not harden our hearts to him. If you love God, you will obey his commandments (1 John 5:3-5; John 14:15; John 14:21; John 14:23; 1 John 2:3; 2 John 1:6).
2. God manifests himself to us through many ways
In Exodus 8:18-19, the magicians tried to bring forth lice but they couldn’t and this show them that it is God who is doing this. God bring plagues on the Egyptians so that he can be manifested to them and they may come to believe in him. God can manifest to us in many ways. He can manifest to us through the natural environment (Romans 1:20). He can use circumstances to manifest himself to us. He can also manifest himself by speaking to us.