Bible Study Outline on Aaron

Aaron was the helper of Moses. First God called Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. Moses happened to encounter God in a burning bush when he was looking after the sheep of his father in law, Jethro. He was curious to see a bush that has flame of fire but not burning so he came there to see what was happening. When he came to the burning bush, God told him to take off his shoes because he was standing on the Holy Ground. God wanted Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt but Moses resused that. He told God that no one would believe him so God let him work miracles with his staff. Then, he complained that he was not eloquent. God was angry with Moses and he said he would send his older brother, Aaron to become his assistant.

When Moses was on his way to Egypt, Aaron met him. Moses and Aaron gathered the Israelites together and told them that God had sent them to deliver them out of their slavery in Egypt. Aaron was the assistant of Moses. He was the one that held his staff over to perform miracles. God spoke to Moses and Moses told Aaron what God spoke to him so that Aaron could do God’s commands. Moses acted like God to Aaron. “And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land.” (Exodus 7:1-2 KJV)


God used Moses and Aaron to struck Egypt with 1o plagues including the plague of blood, the plague of frogs, the plague of gnats, the plague of flies, the plague of livestock, the plague of boils, the plague of hail, the plague of locusts, the plague of darkness, and the plague of firstborn. After the final plague of the firstborn, Pharaoh let Israelites go but he changed his mind later and pursued them when they were near the Red Sea. God performed a miracle by dividing the Red Sea and the Israelites crossed over safely.

Aaron Made the Golden Calf

The story about how Aaron made the golden calf can be found in Exodus 32. Moses went up to Mount Sinai to receive the Law and Commandments from God in stones. Moses was on Mount Sinai for 40 days and 40 nights. When the Israelites saw that Moses disappeared, they turned away from God and asked Aaron to make a golden calf. Aaron agreed and instructed them to remove their golden earrings. After collecting the golden earrings, Aaron melted them and fashioned them into a golden idol. Then some Israelites proclaimed before the public that the golden calf was their god. Aaron built an altar when he saw this and announced a festival of the golden calf on the next day.

When Moses was on Mount Sinai, God told him that the Israelites had already turned away from him and bowed down before the golden calf. When Moses and Joshua were coming down from the mountain, Joshua heard people shouting out in the camp and that was like the sound of war. Moses replied he did not hear the sound of victory or defeat but he heard the sound of singing. When Moses reached the bottom of the mountain, he was very angry with the Israelites for worshiping the golden idol. He burned the golden calf in fire.

Moses asked Aaron why he made the golden calf and he answered that Israelites forced him. Moses said people that they should repent and go to the Lord with him. Only Levites went. Then Moses said the Levites to take their swords and kill their brothers, friends and neighbors. The Levites did what Moses said and killed many Israelites. On the next day Moses interceded for the Israelites and God relented from his anger.

God Punished Aaron’s Two Sons for Offering Unauthorized Fire

Aaron had four sons including Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. Nadab and Abihu sinned by offering strange fire. They are not supposed to light the offerings in the censers. They are supposed to wait for God to send the fire to consume the offering. Thus, they were offering unauthorized fire from God. God was very angry with them and he consumed them with fire. Moses did not allow Aaron or his other sons but his relatives may mourn for their death. Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Aaron’s uncle Uzziel carried out the corpses of Nadab and Abihu. This account can be found in Leviticus 10.

Aaron Pleaded God to Cure Miriam’s Leprosy

One day, Aaron and Miriam started to talk against Moses. They did not think that Moses should be the leader of the Israelites. They felt that other people are also qualified to the leader of Israelites. Moses was a very humble person. In fact, he was the most humble man on earth (Numbers 12:3). Then, God summoned the three of them out to the Tent of Meeting. God said Moses is the one he had chosen to lead the Israelites. Moses had been faithful in all that God commanded him to do. Because Moses was faithful, God spoke to him face to face, clearly and he can see th eform of God.

God was very angry with Aaron and Miriam and he struck Miriam with leprosy. Miriam’s skin turned white as snow due to leprosy after the cloud lifted from the tent. Aaron begged Moses to not let Miriam suffer from leprosy. Moses cried out to God and God instructed Miriam to be confined outside the camp for 7 days. After Miriam was confined outside the camp for 7 days, she was healed from the leprosy. The Israelites did not moved on until Miriam returned back to the camp.

Aaron’s Staff Budded with Almond Blossoms

God commanded Moses to collect the staff from each of the 12 tribal leaders. The name of the tribal leader is to be written on the staff. Moses was to put the staff of the 12 tribal leaders along with Aaron’s staff in the Tent of Meeting. The staff of the man whom God chose to become priest will sprout.

In the next day, the staff of Aaron started to sprout and bud. Moses presented the staffs of the 12 tribal leaders to the Israelites. The staff of Aaron was placed in front of the ark of the covenant. God did this so that there will be no more grumbling against him and fighting of the priesthood and that they will not die. This account can be found in Numbers 17.