Leviticus 14 Outline
– Cleansing ceremony for a leper who is healed (Leviticus 14:1-32)
– Cleansing ceremony for a house that has mildew (Leviticus 14:33-56)
Leviticus 14 Summary
In Leviticus 14:1-32, if a leper person is healed of his infectious disease, he must go and show himself to the priest. The person is to bring two birds, some cedar wood, scarlet yarn, and hyssop. One of the birds will be killed over freshwater. Then, the priest will dip the live bird and cedar wood, scarlet yarn, and hyssop into the blood of the dead bird in the clay pot and sprinkle it against the person for 7 times. Then, the priest is to pronounce him clean. The priest is to release the live bird in the open fields.
The person is to bring 2 male lambs and one ewe lamb a year old as sacrifices to make atonement for his uncleanness. One of the male lambs will be used as guilt offering. The other male lamb will be used as sin offering and the ewe lamb will be used as burnt offering. The person who need to be cleansed must bring the offerings on the 8th day and then the priest will perform the ceremony of atonement as described above.
The priest will offer the guilt offering with a log of oil. He will wave these as a wave offerings and they will belong to him. The priest is to slaughter the male lamb at the altar of the burnt offering. Then, the priest is to smear some of its blood on the right ear lobe, right thumb and right toe of the person that is to be cleansed. After that, the priest will pour some of the log of oil in the palm of his left hand and used his right forefinger to sprinkle it before God for 7 times. He is to smear some oil on the right ear, right thumb and right toe. The priest will pour the rest of the oil on the head of the person that is to be cleansed.
If he cannot afford it, he should bring one lamb and two young pigeons or two young doves. The lamb will be used as guilt offering. One of the young pigeons or young dove will be used as sin offering while the other will be used as burnt offering. The rite is the same as above, except that he will use pigeons or doves for the sin offering and burnt offering this time.
In Leviticus 14:33-56, if someone saw something like mildew in his house, he is to go and tell the priest so that he can come to inspect it. If the priest saw greenish or reddish depressions on the wall, the priest must go out of the doorway and seal up the house for 7 days. On the 7th day, the priest will perform inspection on the wall and found out that the mildew has spread to other parts of the walls, he is to order the contaminated walls to be torn down and thrown into an unclean place outside the towns. The torn wall is to be replaced with new clay and plaster. If the mildew reappear afterwards, the priest must order for the whole house to be torn down because it is a destructive mildew. Anyone who enter the house when it is closed will remain unclean until evening. Anyone who sleep or eat in the house when it is closed up must wash his clothes and he will remain unclean until evening.
If the mildew did not spread in the house, the person is to bring two birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop to cleanse the house. One of the birds is to be killed over the fresh water in the clay pot. After that, he is to take the cedar wood, hyssop, scarlet yarn and live bird and dip them into the the blood of the bird in the clay pot and sprinkle it on the house for 7 times. Finally, the live bird is to be set free in the field.
Leviticus 14 Bible Study
1. Jesus Christ purchased us with his blood
Two birds are being used in cleansing the leper. One bird is killed over the fresh water in the clay pot and the other bird is set free in the field. The dead bird represents Jesus died for our sins and the live bird that is set free represents Jesus Christ rising from the dead. The resurrection of Jesus Christ is important. If Jesus Christ did not resurrect, there will be no use in putting our hope in eternal life. Jesus Christ’s resurrection means that he has overcome the final enemy, death so we that we can receive eternal life and resurrect at the end time just like him.
In 1 Corinthians 15:13-23, now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen: And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.
2. We are sanctified by the blood of Jesus Christ
The priest first applied the blood of the male lamb on the healed leper before anointing with the log of oil. This indicates that our sins must first be pardoned by God and cleansed with the precious blood of Jesus Christ before we can be sanctified (Matthew 26:28; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 9:22; Revelation 12:11; 1 John 1:7-9; John 6:53; 1 Peter 2:24; Romans 8:1).