Leviticus 16 Outline
– Aaron is to bring offerings when entering the Most Holy Place otherwise he will die (Leviticus 16:1-2)
– Aaron is to bring a young bull as sin offering and a ram as burnt offering (Leviticus 16:3)
– Aaron is to wear the linen garments when entering the Most Holy Place (Leviticus 16:4)
– Aaron is to bring two male goats as sin offerings and a ram as burnt offering for the Israelites (Leviticus 16:5)
– Lots is cast for the two male goats to see which one will be the sin offering and which one will be the scapegoat (Leviticus 16:6-10)
– Aaron shall offer the young bull as sin offering for himself first and then the goat for the sin offering of the Israelites (Leviticus 16:11-19)
– Aaron is to lay hand on the other goat, the scape goat and confess all the sins of the Israelites and then send it in the desert (Leviticus 16:20-22)
– Aaron shall offer the ram as burnt offering for himself and the Israelites (Leviticus 16:23-25)
– The man who released the scapegoat in the desert and the man who burn the sin offerings must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water (Leviticus 16:26-28)
– The sins of the Israelites is to be atoned once a year (Leviticus 16:29-34)
Leviticus 16 Summary
God commanded Moses to tell Aaron to not enter the Most Holy Place without any offerings otherwise he will die. If Aaron want to enter the Most Holy Place, he must offer a young bull as sin offering and a ram as burnt offering. Aaron also must bring two male goats from among the Israelites. One goat is to be used as sin offering. The other goat is to be used as a scapegoat. Aaron also must bring a ram as a burnt offering from the Israelites.
Aaron must wear the sacred linen tunic, linen undergarments, linen sash and linen turban when entering into the Most Holy Place. He is to cast lots for the two male goats before the Lord. The male goat on which the lot falls on is to be used as sin offering.
Aaron is to sacrificed the bull as the sin offering first. When sacrificing the bull, he must take a censer of burning coals and 2 handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense. He must put the incense on the fire so that smoke will appear and conceal the atonement cover where God’s presence is and Aaron will not die. Then, Aaron is to sprinkle some of the bull’s blood on the eastward of the mercy seat and before the mercy seat.
Aaron is to do the same with the goat, which is offered as the sin offering for the Israelites community. Now, Aaron will bring forward the live goat and lay hands on him and confess all the sins of the Israelites. After that, he is to send the goat, which is the scapegoat, into the desert. Aaron must enter into the tent of the congregation and remove the linen garments and leave them there. After taking off the linen garments, he must put on the regular garments and offer the ram as burnt offering for himself.
After offering the burnt offering for himself, he must offer the ram as the burnt offering for the Israelites. Aaron will burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar. The man who lead the scapegoat into the desert must wash his clothes and use water to bathe himself. The bull and goat for sin offerings, of which blood was brought into the Most Holy Place are to be completely burned up. The person who burned up the sin offerings must wash his clothes and use water to bathe himself.
The rite above is to be carried out on the day of atonement by the Israelites. The day of atonement occurs on the 10th day of the 7th month. The atonement for the Israelites is to be made for once a year.
Leviticus 16 Bible Study
1. God is only merciful to sinners through the blood of Jesus Christ
Aaron is to sprinkle the blood of the sin offerings on the eastward and before the mercy seats. This indicates that God is only merciful to sinners through the blood of Jesus Christ. In Matthew 26:28, the blood of Jesus is the blood of the covenant, which is poured out for the forgiveness of the sins of the people in the world. In Hebrews 9:14, the blood of Christ purify our conscience from dead works to serve God. In Hebrews 9:22, almost everything is purified with blood under law and there will be no forgiveness of sins without the shedding of blood. In Hebrews 9:27-28, Jesus Christ only have to die once to bear the sins of the people. In Revelation 12:11, we conquer the enemies through the blood of Jesus Christ. In 1 John 1:7-9, we have fellowship with one another and the blood of Jesus Christ cleanses us from all our sins if we walk in the light. In 1 Peter 2:24, Jesus Christ bore our sins on the tree so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. In Romans 8:1, there is now no condemnation for those that are in Jesus Christ.
2. Confess all your sins to God
Aaron is to lay his hands on the scape goat and confess all the sins of the Israelites including the small and great sins. Likewise, we must confess every single one of our sins to God and repent and then the blood of Jesus Christ will cleanse us from all our unrighteousness.