Leviticus 22 Outline
– No descendant of Aaron that is ceremonially unclean can eat the sacred offerings (Leviticus 22:1-9)
– No one outside the priest’s family can eat the sacred offerings (Leviticus 22:10-14)
– Restitution is to be made mistakenly for eating a sacred offerings (Leviticus 22:15-16)
– Animals with defects cannot be used as sacrificed to God (Leviticus 22:17-33)
Leviticus 22 Summary
God commanded Moses to instruct Aaron and his sons to treat the offerings the Israelites made to him with respect. Any descendant of Aaron that is ceremonially unclean cannot come near the sacred offerings otherwise they will be cut off from his presence including a leper or has a running issue or touch any thing that is unclean by the dead or a man that has semen emission or touch any creeping thing or touch an unclean person. The priest must not eat anything found dead or killed by wild animals otherwise they will become unclean.
Only the family members of the priest’s household can eat the sacred offerings. The slave or a divorced or widowed daughter without children can eat the sacred offerings. Anyone who eat the sacred offerings by mistake must make restitution by adding 1/5 of the value to it.
When someone offer a burnt offering to fulfill a vow or freewill offering, the priest is to present a male without blemish, of the beeves, sheep, or goats so that it can be accepted on his behalf. When someone offers a fellowship offering from the herd or flock to fulfill a vow or freewill offering, it must be without defect. However, the priest can use a deformed or stunted animal as a freewill offering but it cannot be accepted in fulfillment of a vow.
A calf, lamb or goat must remain with its mother for 7 days but on the 8th day, it will be acceptable as an offering to God made by fire. The thank offering is to be sacrificed in such a way that it will be accepted on behalf of the priest. None of the thank offering is to be left until morning.
Leviticus 22 Bible Study
1. Fear God
The priest is required to show respect to the sacred offerings, the food of God, by keeping themselves ceremonially clean to respect God. We must take care to keep every single one of God’s commandment and fear him (Proverbs 1:7; Proverbs 1:29-31; Proverbs 19:23; Proverbs 28:14; Proverbs 29:25; Proverbs 31:30; 1 Peter 2:17).
2. Give your best to God
The Israelites are not allowed to present a defective animal as sacrifices to God. We must give our best to God. In tithe, we should always get ready 10% of our income before coming to church so that you will be ready to put in the offering bag. Many Christians never pay tithe and they just put the leftover money in their purse into the offering bag (Malachi 3:9-12; 2 Corinthians 9:7; 2 Corinthians 8:12).