Leviticus 23 Outline
– God instruct Moses regarding the feasts that the Israelites must celebrate every year (Leviticus 23:1-2)
– Sabbath (Leviticus 23:3)
– Feast of Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread (Leviticus 23:4-8)
– Feast of the Firstfruits (Leviticus 23:9-14)
– Feast of Weeks (Leviticus 23:15-22)
– Feast of Trumpets (Leviticus 23:23-25)
– Day of Atonement (Leviticus 23:26-32)
– Feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 23:33-44)
Leviticus 23 Summary
Leviticus 23 is about the different appointed feasts of the Lord including the Sabbath, passover, firstfruits, feast of weeks, feast of trumpets, day of atonement and feast of tabernacles. The Sabbath is celebrated on the seventh day. There are six days when you can work but you must rest on the seventh day.
In Leviticus 23:4-8, the passover is celebrated on the 14th day of the first month. The feast of unleavened bread begins on the 15th day, and will last for 7 days, on which the Israelites are to eat bread made without yeast.
In Leviticus 23:9-14, when the Israelites enter the land, he must bring a sheaf of the first grain to the priest, and wave it as a wave offering before God. The priest will wave it on the day after the Sabbath. The offerer is to offer a burnt offering of an he lamb without blemish of the first year, meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil after the priest wave the sheaf. No one is to eat any bread or roasted or new grain until the day he bring the offering to God.
In Leviticus 23:15-22, the feast of weeks is celebrated on the 50th day to the day after the Sabbath from the day the person brought the sheaf of wave offering. On the 50th day to the day after the Sabbath, the person is to present two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; And for a burnt offering seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: along with the meat offering, and their drink offerings. In addition, the person also must present one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
In Leviticus 23:23-25, the feast of the trumpets is to be celebrated on the 1st day of the seventh month. The Israelites are prohibited from working on this day and must present an offering to God by fire.
In Leviticus 23:26-32, the day of atonement is celebrated on the 10th day of the seventh month. On the day of atonement, the priest will make atonement for the sins of the Israelites. No work is to be done on this day.
In Leviticus 23:33-44, the feast of tabernacles occur on the 15th day of the seventh month and it lasts for 7 days. On the first day and the eighth day, the Israelites are not to do any work. The Israelites are to present offerings made by fire to God for seven days. The Israelites are to celebrate the feast of tabernacles with the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook.
Leviticus 23 Bible Study
1. Keep the Sabbath
In Leviticus 23:3, it is a requirement for the Israelites to keep the Sabbath. Although the Sabbath law is an Old Testament law, we still have to observe it. The Sabbath day is to be dedicated to God completely. Christians cannot buy or sell or hire someone to look after the business or do anything for pleasure on the Sabbath day (Jeremiah 17:27; Nehemiah 10:31; Deuteronomy 5:14). You can don’t obey the Sabbath law for emergency reason (Matthew 12:1-14).