Leviticus 26 Outline
– Blessings for obedience to God (Leviticus 26:1-13)
– Punishment for disobedience to God (Leviticus 26:14-46)
Leviticus 26 Summary
Leviticus 26:1-13 contains blessings for obedience to God’s commandments. God commands the Israelites to not set up or make idols or image or sacred stones. He also command the Israelites to observe the Sabbath and show respect to his sanctuary. God promised to send rain in the proper season so that they will eat all the food they want and live peaceful lives in the land. God promised to remove violent animals and war from their land. 5 people will chase 100 people. 100 people will chase 10,000 people. The Israelites will still eat last year’s harvest and make room to store the new harvests.
Leviticus 26:14-46 contains punishment for the Israelites if they disobey God’s commandments. If the Israelites disobey God, he will strike them with terror, diseases and fever that will waste their lives away. Enemies will eat the crop the Israelites plant. If the Israelites still did not turn back to God, God promised he will stop the harvest of the crops and the trees of the land will not bear fruit anymore.
If the Israelites still did not turn back to God, God promised to increase their afflictions by 7 times and send wild animals to rob them, their children, destroy the cattle and reduce their population until the roads become deserted.
If the Israelites still refuse to listen, God promised he will increase the plague by 7 times and send enemy nations to attack them. God promised to cut off the bread supply so that then women can bake their bread in 1 oven and they will distribute the bread by weight. They will eat the bread but not feel satisfied.
If the Israelites still refuse to obey God, God promised to punish their sins by 7 times more. The Israelites will eat the flesh of their children. God will have the incense altars cut down and pile up their corpses on the idols. He will scatter the Israelites among different nations. He will make their land desolate.
The Israelites who are left in the land will always be running even though no one is pursuing them. Those who are scattered will waste away in the land of the enemies.
However, if the Israelites repent and confess their sins, God will remember the covenant he made with Abraham and restore the land.
Leviticus 26 Bible Study
1. Don’t bow down or worship or pay regard to idols
In Leviticus 26:1, God forbids making idols or graven image or set up a standing image or any image of stone. Idolatry is a sin and we must not have anything to do with it. This involves not worshiping idols, not bowing down to idols, not paying any regard to idols, not entering the temples, not taking photos of temples, not reading books that promote idolatry, not wearing things that has to do with idolatry and etc. Anything related to idolatry must be removed from your lives (1 John 5:21; Psalm 16:4). Anyone who pay regard to idols have forsaken their hope of steadfast love (Jonah 2:8). Idolatry also mean the things you put first place in your life over God such as celebrity, work, money or other sins (Colossians 3:5). Those who practice idolatry will not inherit eternal life and the kingdom of God (Galatians 5:19-21).
2. Observe the Sabbath
In Leviticus 26:2, God commanded the Israelites to observe the Sabbath. Although the Sabbath law is an Old Testament law, we still need to obey it. Christians don’t have to keep the laws regarding the rites, festivities and other complicated laws such as stoning and etc. However, Christians must keep the moral laws such as observing the Sabbath and not tattooing your body (Jeremiah 17:27; Deuteronomy 5:14; Nehemiah 10:31; Mark 10:19). You can don’t obey the Sabbath’s law for emergency reason (Matthew 12:1-14).
3. Blessings for obedience and punishment for disobedience to God’s commandments
Leviticus 26:1-13 is about the blessings for obedience to God’s commandments. If you live out your life in obedience to God’s commandments, God’s blessings will be upon you. If you disobey God by committing all sorts of sins, God will put all kinds of troubles in your life. All sinners will be punished either on earth or after death (Revelation 21:8). In John 14:15, if you love God, you will keep his commandments. In 1 Peter 1:14, as obedient children, we should not conform to the passions of our former ignorance. In 1 John 5:3-5, God’s commandments are not burdensome because we have victory over the world in Christ Jesus.