Nahum 2 OutlineÂ
– The fall of Nineveh (Nahum 2:1-13)
Nahum 2 Summary
Nahum 2 prophesies that enemies are coming to attack the city of Assyria. It does not describe the identity of the enemy responsible for the impending downfall of Nineveh. Nineveh’s downfall was partly caused by a large flood. The flood destroyed a large section of the fortress. Consequently, the enemies will invade Nineveh and loot all the treasures. Nineveh used to plunder the treasures of other nations. Now, it is their turn to be plundered by the enemy. As the officer rushed to defend the city for one last time, the soldiers will stumble and fail to protect the city from the invasion of the enemy. The enemy soldiers are equipped with a type of armor mobile shield that prevent them from getting harmed by the missiles thrown towards them by the Assyrian soldiers.
The gate of rivers referred in Nahum 2 may be referred to gates that are faced to the river. The gates are usually shut so that the enemies cannot gain entrance into the city. The opening of the river gate allows the enemies to enter and conquer the Ninevites easily. The invasion of the enemy army caused the Ninevites to be extremely panic. The queen of Nineveh will be captured and taken away by the enemy. The queen of Nineveh may refer to a statue of the fertility god named Ishtar. The maids refer to the prostitutes who offer their services at the temple of Ishtar. As the Ishtar statue was taken away by the enemy, maidens wept and eat their breasts to show their sorrow.
Nahum 2: 8 talks about the Ninevites soldiers that were running away from the enemies. The officials kept shouting and commanding them not to leave but the soldiers ignore them. The invaders will urge each other to steal all the precious items in the city. Nahum 2:10 describes that the city of Nineveh is finally destroyed with nothing else left. The people were despaired as they saw what had happened to their city. The Ninevites used to be a powerful force that drag away victims of other nations but they are now doomed.
Nahum 2: 13 describes that the judgment of God will eventually be on Nineveh because of the evil things it had done to other nations. Messengers refer to the political envoys of Assyria while chariots refer to the military strength of Assyria.
Nahum 2 Bible Study
1. Be Patient in Waiting God’s Judgment on Evildoers
Everyone who does wicked things will surely be punished by God. Before God send his punishment, he will give you a chance to repent. Before Nahum said this prophesy, Jonah was sent to preach the message of repentance to the people of Nineveh. The Assyrians were sorry for the evil things they do when they hear the message that Jonah preached. When God saw that the Assyrians truly repent, he relented from his anger. In today’s society, we see many unjust forces taking away the peace of the people. We should be patient in waiting for God’s judgment on them.
2. God Hates Sin because He is Holy
God is a holy God. He hates sins. Anyone who sins will be punished and be thrown into the lake of fire after death. While we are still sinners, God sent his son Jesus to die for our sins. He came to die on the cross so that we can be set free from the bondage of sin. We must die to ourselves and not follow the sinful desire of our flesh. God gives everyone the will to repent from their sins and live righteously before him.
3. God’s Love is Enduring
God’s mercy and love is ever enduring. If you are willing to repent and turn back to God, God will always forgive you. To be saved is not just believing and confessing that Jesus had died on the cross and resurrect on the third day. To be saved means you have to die to your old self and stop sinning like the way you do in the past. For example, if you must eliminate your bad habits such as addictions after you are baptized. You must repent now on earth while you have an opportunity. John 10:28 KJV says ‘And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.’ God loves each and every one of his children. He will never let anyone pluck you from his hand unless you walk away from him yourself. If you have left God, you must return to him now.