Numbers 13 Outline
– God chose 12 men to go and spy on the land of Canaan (Numbers 13:1-16)
– Moses gave instruction to the 12 men who were sent to explore Canaan (Numbers 13:17-20)
– The 12 spies explored Canaan for 40 days and brought back a branch of grapes (Numbers 13:21-25)
– The 12 spies exaggerated about the giants, the Anak and that the people there lived in fortified cities (Numbers 13:26-33)
Numbers 13 Summary
God commanded Moses to send 12 men to explore the land of Canaan. God chose a leader from each ancestral tribe to go and explore the land of Canaan. The names of the 12 leaders that were chosen to go to spy on the land of Canaan were Shammua the son of Zaccur of the tribe of Reuben, Shaphat the son of Hori of the tribe of Simeon, Caleb the son of Jephunneh of the tribe of Judah, Igal the son of Joseph of the tribe of Issachar, Oshea the son of Nun of the tribe of Ephraim, Palti the son of Raphu of the tribe of Benjamin, Gaddiel the son of Sodi of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddi the son of Susi of the tribe of Manasseh, Ammiel the son of Gemalli of the tribe of Dan, Sethur the son of Michael of the tribe of Asher, Nahbi the son of Vophsi of the tribe of Naphtali, Geuel the son of Machi of the tribe of Gad.
Moses instructed the 12 spies to go into the mountain to see what kind of land it is, whether the people that dwell there is strong or weak, few or many, whether the land is good or bad, whether they are dwelling in cities or tents, or strong holds, whether the soil is fertile or poor, whether there are trees on it or not. Moses instructed the 12 spies to do their best to bring back some of the fruits of the land since it is the harvest season for grapes.
The 12 spies did what Moses told them and they came to Hebron where the descendants of Anak including Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai lived. They cut off a branch that bear a single cluster of grapes when they came to Eshcol. Two people carried the branch of grapes. They also brought back some pomegranates and figs. They returned to Moses and Israelites community at Kadesh in the Desert of Paran after staying at the land for 40 days.
The 12 spies brought bad report to the people. They exaggerated that the descendants of Anak were so giant that they seemed like grasshoppers to them. They also told the people that the people there were powerful and lived in fortified cities although the land does flow with milk and honey. But Caleb calmed the people by saying they should go up and conquer the land of Canaan.
Numbers 13 Bible Study
1. Jesus Christ is our savior
Joshua means a desire of salvation. Joshua succeeding Moses, signifies that Jesus’ death nullified the Old Testament, which was first passed on to Moses so that anyone who believe in him can be saved. In Romans 10:9, that if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. In Acts 4:12, neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. In Matthew 1:21, and she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. In Acts 10:43, to him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. In Acts 13:26, men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation.
2. Don’t grumble and trust in God
The 12 spies who returned from exploring Canaan grumbled and complained about the people that live there were strong and there is no way they can defeat them. But Caleb trusted in God and he tried to calm the people down. In Philippians 2:14, do all things without murmuring and disputing. In 1 Peter 4:9, use hospitality one to another without grudging.