Numbers 19 Outline
– The ashes of the burnt offering of a red heifer used in the water of cleansing (Numbers 19:1-8)
– A clean man is to gather the ashes of the heifer and store them in a ceremonially clean place (Numbers 19:9-10)
– Anyone that touch a dead body will be unclean for 7 days (Numbers 19:10-16)
– The using of the water of cleansing for purifying an unclean person (Numbers 19:17-21)
Numbers 19 Summary
God commanded Moses and Aaron to instruct the Israelites to bring a red heifer that has never been under a yoke. The heifer is to be given to the priest, Eleazar. Eleazar is to take it outside the camp and slaughter it and sprinkle its blood 7 times on the front of the tent of congregation. As Eleazar watches, the hide, flesh, blood and offal are to be burned. Then, Eleazar is to throw some cedar wood, hyssop and scarlet wool on the burning heifer. The priest must wash his clothes and bathe and he will remain ceremonially unclean until evening. The priest can come into the camp after washing his clothes and taking a bath.
A ceremonially clean man can gather up the heifer ashes and store them in a place that is ceremonially clean. The ashes will be used in the water of cleansing for sin purification. The man that gather up the heifer ashes must wash his clothes and he will remain ceremonially clean until evening.
Anyone that touches a dead body of someone killed by a sword or someone who died from a natural death will become unclean for 7 days. He must purify himself on the 3rd and 7th day. If a person die in the tent, anyone who enter it will be unclean. A container that is not covered with lid in the tent will be unclean.
When a person is unclean, some ashes from the burnt offering is to be put into a jar. Running water must be poured over it. After that, a ceremonially clean person is to take the hyssop and dip it in water and sprinkle it on the tent and furnishings. The water should also be sprinkled on the human bone, grave or a person who has been killed or died from a natural cause. The unclean person must wash his clothes and use water to bathe himself and he will remain unclean until evening. If the unclean person did not purify himself, he will be cut off from the community. The person that sprinkle the water of cleansing must wash his clothes. Anyone who touch the water of cleansing will remain unclean until evening. Anything that an unclean person touch will become unclean.
Numbers 19 Bible Study
1. The blood of Christ
The priest is to sprinkle the blood of the red heifer on the front of the Tent of Meeting before burning it. The blood of the heifer represents the blood of Christ. Jesus Christ died for us on the cross so that we can receive the forgiveness of our sins through the cleansing of his blood. The blood of Christ can purify us from our unrighteousness if we confess and repent from it (1 John 1:9; Titus 2:14).
2. Submit to the Holy Spirit
The running water used in making the cleansing water is fresh and pure, taken from a stream. The running water represents the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the spirit of God. The Holy Spirit is pure. The Holy Spirit is our helper and comforter. He guide us through all our problems and remind us about the words God had spoken to us (John 14:26; 1 John 2:27; 1 John 2:20; 1 Corinthians 2:10; Acts 2:33).