Psalm 132 Outline
– The psalmist prayed that God remember the covenant he made to David (Psalm 132:1)
– David made an oath that he will not rest until he builds a temple for God (Psalm 132:2-5)
– David brought the ark of God to Jerusalem (Psalm 132:6-9)
– The psalmist prayed for God to keep the covenant he made to David (Psalm 132:10-12)
– God’s presence dwells in Jerusalem (Psalm 132:13-16)
– God will raise up a horn of David from Jerusalem (Psalm 132:17-18)
Psalm 132 Summary
In Psalm 132:1, the psalmist prayed that God remember the covenant he made to David, that a descendant from his family line will always sit on the throne. David had done his best to obey God and walk in his commandments during his lifetime as king of Israel. God had stood by David’s side and saw him through all his troubles whenever he cried out to him.
In Psalm 132:2-5, David made an oath that he will not rest until he build a temple for God. David had always wanted to build a temple for God. He asked the prophet Nathan for advice and he at first said he should do what he want. Later, God revealed to David through Nathan that he did not want him to build a temple because he had killed too many people. His son, Solomon, will build a temple for God instead (2 Samuel 7).
In Psalm 132:6-9, the ark of the covenant was formerly located in Shiloh, also known as Ephrathah. Previously, the ark of the covenant was captured by the Philistines. But God struck plagues on the Philistines people wherever the ark was brought to. The Philistines were afraid of the ark as its people have suffered considerably from the plagues so they decided to send it back to the Israelites. They sent back the ark on a new cart pulled by two cows that have calved but never yoked before. They sent the ark on the cart along with five models of gold rats and five models of tumors. The cows arrived at the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh. God killed 70 men from Beth Shemesh because they looked into the ark. Therefore, they sent the men of Kiriath Jearim to take the ark up to the hose of Abinadab on the hill. The ark remained in Kiriath Jearim, also known as the fields of the wood, the city of woods until David came to bring it to his palace (1 Samuel 6-7). But when David and the people were bringing it to Jerusalem, God struck Uzzah dead on Nachon threshing floor because he tried to took hold of it as the oxen stumbled. Then, David had the ark brought to the house of Obededom. When David saw how God had blessed the house of Obededom because of the ark, he and his people went to brought it into the tent in Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6).
In Psalm 132:10-12, the psalmist prayed that God will not neglect in keeping the promise he made to David, that a descendant will sit on the throne. This is on condition that they obey him and walk in his commandments.
In Psalm 132:13-16, God has chosen Jerusalem, to be the place where the temple is to be built. God’s presence dwells in the temple in Jerusalem. God promised to watch over the inhabitants of Jerusalem and bless them if they obey him and walk in his commandments.
In Psalm 132:17-18, God will raise up a horn of David to bud in Jerusalem, which is referring to the Messiah, Jesus Christ. The enemies of Jesus Christ, those who hate him will be defeated and Jesus will reign as king forever.
Psalm 132 Bible Study
1. Blessings come from obedience to God’s commandments
Jerusalem eventually was conquered by the King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon because the king and its people rebelled against God and pursued after idolatry. If you want God to bless you, you must obey him and walk in his commandments. In Deuteronomy 28:1-2, and it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the LORD thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth: And all these blessings shall come on thee, and overtake thee, if thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God.