Psalm 51 Outline
– David pleaded God to have mercy on him and forgive him (Psalm 51:1-2)
– David knew he is a sinner since birth (Psalm 51:3-6)
– David pleaded God to cleanse away his sins and don’t punish him (Psalm 51:7-9)
– David prayed that God will create a pure heart and renew a steadfast spirit in him (Psalm 51:10-12)
– David begged God to forgive him for killing Uriah (Psalm 51:13-17)
– David prayed for God to make Jerusalem prosperous (Psalm 51:18-19)
Psalm 51 Summary
In Psalm 51:1-2, Psalm 51 is composed by David after the prophet Nathan came and rebuke him about his affair with Bathsheba and how he murdered her husband, Uriah, in order to marry her when he knew she was pregnant (2 Samuel 11). David pleaded God to have mercy on him and wash away all his transgressions.
In Psalm 51:3-6, David is convicted about committing adultery with Bathsheba and killing her husband Uriah. Now he repent and ask God to forgive him. David knew he was not a perfect man and he sin ever since from the time of birth, when his mother conceived him.
In Psalm 51:7-9, David pleaded God to cleanse away his sins with hyssop so that he will be whiter than snow. David prayed that God won’t punish him for his sins so that he can rejoice again. After
In Psalm 51:10-12, David prayed that God will create a pure heart and renew a steadfast spirit in him so that he can really be holy for him and firm in his faith again. David was afraid that the Holy Spirit had left him after he commit adultery with Bathsheba so now he pleaded God to restore him.
In Psalm 51:13-17, David begged God to forgive him for killing Uriah by sending a message to Joab to put him on the front battle line so that he was killed by the Ammonite armies. He knew that God does not want burnt offerings from him but a penitent heart.
In Psalm 51:18-19, David prayed for God to make Jerusalem, also known as Zion, prosperous and build up its walls so that everyone will offer thanksgivings to him.
Psalm 51 Bible Study
1. Have a penitent heart
David was convicted after the prophet Nathan came to confront him about him committing adultery with Bathsheba. No one is perfect and everyone make mistake. When you sin, you must admit your fault and ask God to forgive you. Some Christians are not humble to admit their faults. In 1 John 1:8, if we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. In 1 John 2:8, he that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. In James 3:2, for in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. In 1 John 1:9, if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.