Psalm 52 Outline
– Doeg betrayed David by telling King Saul about how Ahimelech helped David (Psalm 52:1-4)
– David prayed that God will punish Doeg (Psalm 52:5-7)
– David is eager to walk in God’s commandments unlike Doeg (Psalm 52:8-9)
Psalm 52 Summary
In Psalm 52:1-4, Psalm 52 was composed by David when Saul’s head shepherd, Doeg, the Edomite, told Saul that Ahimelech helped David by providing him bread and sword. David is talking about Doeg, the Edomite, about how evil he was in telling King Saul that Ahimelech provided bread and sword to him. Doeg pretended to defend his disloyalty by telling King Saul that he had seen Ahumelech with David but he actually wanted Saul to kill the priests and David (1 Samuel 21-22).
In Psalm 52:5-7, David prayed that God will punish Doeg by bringing him down to everlasting ruin, just like how he killed Ahimelech and other priests and the inhabitants of Nob. Doeg tried to become powerful by obeying Saul’s commands and killed the priests.
In Psalm 52:8-9, but David is eager to walk in God’s commandments. David put his hope in God and trusted in him. He was determined to give credits to what God has done in his life and offer praises to him in the presence of God’s saints.
Psalm 52 Bible Study
1. Love and be kind to people
Doeg was evil in that he tried to get a promotion by reporting to Saul that he had seen Ahimelech helping David a while ago. It is wrong to take advantage of other people for your own benefit. We must always love others and be kind to them including our enemies (1 John 4:7-8; John 13:34-35; 1 Peter 4:8; 1 John 3:15-16).