Psalm 78 Bible Study



Psalm 78 Outline


– The psalmist addressed the people to hear his teaching (Psalm 78:1-8)

– The Israelites forgotten God (Psalm 78:9-16)

– The Israelites hardened their hearts even after the miracles God led them out of Egypt (Psalm 78:17-31)

– The Israelites turned to idolatry but God kept on forgive and deliver them (Psalm 78:32-39)

– The Israelites frequently put God to the test in the desert (Psalm 78:40-55)

– God let the ark be captured and sent enemies to attack the Israelites because they were disobedient (Psalm 78:56-64)

– God chose David from Judah tribe to be king and shepherd his people (Psalm 78:65-72)



Psalm 78 Summary


In Psalm 78:1-8, the psalmist addressed the people to hear his teaching in old parables, of what those have already been told to the people by the ancestors, concerning the praiseworthy deeds of God. God had established statutes and law to be obeyed by the Israelites and taught to the next generation. This was to be done so that the Israelites would put their trust in God, keep his commandments, and not be stubborn like their forefathers whose hearts were not loyal to God.


In Psalm 78:9-16, the men of Ephraim, which refers to the Israelites, were defeated in the war because they sinned by failing to keep God’s covenant t abiding in his commandments. They forgotten about the miracles that God had done for them in the past, of how God had led the Israelites out of Egypt, and led them on dry path through the Red Sea. God guided the Israelites by a pillar of cloud in the day and a pillar of fire at night. God made water gush out from the rocks in the desert so that the Israelites have water to drink.


In Psalm 78:17-31, even after all these miracles, the Israelites continued to harden their hearts and rebel against God in the desert. They demanded God to give them meat. They doubted that God could provided food for them, like how he provided water through the rock for them in the desert. God responded by raining down manna from heaven for the Israelites to eat. He made the east wind blow and blew the quails to the areas near their camps so that they can easily catch them and cook them for food. The Israelites ate the food God provided them but God anger arose against them while the food was still in their mouths and killed those who are stubborn.


In Psalm 78:32-39, despite that, the Israelites continued to be stubborn and sin against God. Whenever they rebelled against God and turned to idolatry, he sent enemies to attack them. Then, they would turn back to God and seek his help. But after God had delivered them from their enemies, they forgot about God and their hearts were not sincere to him again. Then, God would send enemies to attack them agai and they would turn back to God again. This happened time after time and God kept on forgiving and helping them.


In Psalm 78:40-55, the psalmist described the Israelites frequently rebelled and tested God in the desert. They did not remember how Go delivered them from Pharaoh. When Pharaoh refused to let the Israelites go, God sent 10 plagues including the plague of blood, the plague of frogs, the plague of gnats, the plague of flies, the plague of livestock, the plague of boils, the plague of hail, the plague of locusts, the plague of darkness and the plague on the firstborns (Exodus 7:14-11:10). After the plahue of  the firstborns, God led the Israelites out of Egypt until they reach the land of Canaan in 40 years through the leadership of Moses and Joshua.


In Psalm 78:56-64, but the Israelites kept putting God to test and were not loyal to God. They rebelled against God by turning to idolatry and building high places. In turn, God let the ark be captured and delivered them into the hands of the enemies.


In Psalm 78:65-72, when the Israelites repented and turned back to God, God helped them to attack the enemies. God chose David from the tribe of Judah to be king over Israel. It is through the tribe of Judah that Jesus Christ came from. David is the king after God’s heart desire. Although he sinned sometimes, he repented and abided in God’s commandments and guided the people.



Psalm 78 Bible Study


1. Obedient to God

The Israelites were stubborn and turned to idolatry. Finally, God handed over Judah to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia (2 Kings 25) and Israel to King Shalmaneser of Assyria (2 Kings 17:1-6). Later, God restored them when the Israelites sincerely repented and turned back to God. When you sin, God may put some troubles in your life to remind you about your sins so that you can turn back to him. If you are obedient to God and always carry out his commandments, God will make sure everything you do runs smoothly.


In John 14:15,  If ye love me, keep my commandments. In Luke 6:46, And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say? In Romans 6:16, Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness? In Matthew 7:21,  Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. In James 1:22, But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. In Joshua 1:8, This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.


In 1 John 5:3, for this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous. In Deuteronomy 28:1, And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken diligently unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe and to do all his commandments which I command thee this day, that the Lord thy God will set thee on high above all nations of the earth