Bible Study Outline on Caleb



Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, was one of the 12 spies sent to explore Canaan. Each spy was the leader of every tribe in Israel (Numbers 13:1-15). Caleb was a brave man. He trusted in God and encouraged the people to go up to conquer Canaan even though the other 10 spies brought bad report. He believed that nothing is impossible with God and that he can help them to defeat the residents of the land even though they are giants.

God was angry with the Israelite for grumbling and not trusting in him. As a result, God promised that none of the people from the generation will enter into Canaan. God made the Israelite wander in the desert for 40 years.

During these 40 years, everyone from that generation died in the desert. When the Israelite were numbered again after 40 years, those who are 20 years old and above 40 years ago had died (Numbers 26:63-64). At the end of the 40 years, they finally arrived in Canaan. Caleb is now an old man.

Because Caleb is faithful to God, he was blessed with a long life. He was blessed by receiving his inheritance in the land of Canaan.  (Joshua 14:13-15). Caleb had waited for 45 years before receiving his inheritance.

Caleb was patient in waiting for God’s promises to fulfill. God always keep his promises even though it may take a very long time sometimes. God never tell lies and he always speaks the truth so we must always trust in his promises.

Caleb was a man of character. He wasn’t afraid of the giants. He dedicated his life completely to God and faithfully walk in his commandments. The other 10 spies who did not  trusted in God were destroyed in a plague (Numbers 14:36-38).

Caleb is an example that we must live by faith and not by sight. The 12 spies were the ones who see for themselves the goodness of the land. They also brought back a large branch of grapes from the land.

However, the 12 spies have different interpretation of the land. To the 10 spies, the fertile land of Canaan means that they will surely die there since the enemies are bigger and stronger than them.

They still did not believe in God even after seeing God do many miracles such as the parting of the Red Sea, manna from heaven, and water from a rock.

This teaches us that one can easily fall away from God into faithlessness when they don’t believe in God’s words and his promises. When you trust in God’s promises to solve your problem, your faith will increase and you will stand firmer in Christ.

Each of us will encounter our own giants in life. Everyone will have problem while on earth. It is easy to be disappointed when we look at our own circumstances. If you look at your own circumstances, you will find that your problem get bigger than bigger. You should always pray in every problem you face instead of relying on visible solutions.

God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good? (Numbers 23:19 KJV)

Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths. Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the Lord, and depart from evil. It shall be health to thy navel, and marrow to thy bones. (Proverbs 3:5-8 KJV)

But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord. A double minded man is unstable in all his ways. (James 1:6-8 KJV)

Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done. (Matthew 21:21 KJV)

But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay. For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea. For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us. (2 Corinthians 1:18-20 KJV)