Bible Study Outline on King Solomon

King Solomon is the richest and wisest king in the world. He was very rich and owned a large kingdom because his father, King David had already conquered the countries and left all for him to in charge. Solomon was the son of King David and Bathsheba. He was not the eldest son but he took over the throne because David promised Bathsheba that he will succeed his place as the king of Israel.

At that time, Adonijah, the eldest son of David tried to make himself king but Nathan found out about it. Nathan told Bathsheba about it and instructed her to go to the king to remind him about the promise he made to her. David then gave instruction for Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites to put Solomon on his mule and anoint him as the king of Israel. Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest were sided with Adonijah. Adonijah held a feast at the Stone of Zoheleth near to En Rogel.

When Solomon become king, he killed Joab, Adonijah and Shimei. He killed Joab because David told him to kill him . Joab killed Abner and Amasa without the knowledge of King David. Shimei insulted David and threw stones at him when he was escaping from Absalom. Solomon commanded Shimei to build a house and stay in Jerusalem. If Shimei go anywhere else, Solomon said he will sentenced him to death. Later, Shimei’s slaves escaped to Gath and Shimei went to bring them back. Solomon found out about it and had Benaiah struck him to death. Solomon killed Adonijah when he requested Abishag, his father’s concubine to become his wife. This is because Solomon thinks Adonijah made this request with an intention to take away the kingdom from him.


King Solomon Wives and Idolatry


King Solomon had 700 wives of royal birth and 300 concubines. When Solomon was in his old age, he is wives led him into idolatry. Because he loved his wives, he built temples for them to worship. Solomon worshiped many foreign gods including the Sidonians goddess of Ashtoreth and the Ammonite god of Molech. God rebuked Solomon and told him that he will tear his kingdom away from him because he had turned away from him into idolatry. For the sake of the promise he made to David, he did not tear the kingdom away from him during his lifetime.

God tore away the kingdom from him during the reign of his son, Rehoboam. Jeroboam was the one that God had chosen to be the king of Israel. God sent the prophet Ahijah to anoint Jeroboam as king of Israel. When Ahijah meet Jeroboam, Ahijah tore his cloak into 12 pieces and gave 10 pieces to Jeroboam. It symbolizes that Ahijah will rule over the 10 tribes of Israel. Rehoboam will be left with only 2 tribes, including Judah and Benjamin, which formed the kingdom of Judah.




King Solomon Built a Temple for God


King Solomon was the one to build a temple for God. He built a magnificent temple for God, according to the plans that his father had set down. King David had already gathered all the materials for the building of the temple so that it can be built smoothly. King Solomon imported cedar woods and juniper logs from King Hiram of Tyre. As compensation, King Solomon paid King Hiram of Tyre wheat as food and olive oil. The construction of the temple begun on the fourth year of the reign of King Solomon in the second month of Ziv. The temple was finished built within 7 years.


King Solomon Gave Wise Verdict for A Case


There was two prostitutes that brought their cases to King Solomon. Both prostitutes just gave birth to babies. They slept on the same bed. One day, one of the prostitutes lay on her baby and he died. When she realized he was dead, he took the baby of another prostitute and put the dead baby beside her. When the other prostitute woke up to breastfeed him, she found out that he was dead. However, she recognized that the baby wasn’t hers.

The two prostitutes were quarreling in front of King Solomon. Then, Solomon commanded for a sword to be brought. Solomon commanded a soldier to cut the baby into half. The other woman cried out to King Solomon to not cut the baby and just give him to the second prostitute. The first woman, however, encouraged King Solomon to cut the baby into half. Finally, King Solomon gave a verdict for the baby to be returned to the first woman.