Bible Study Outline on Nabal and Abigail

Nabal was Stingy in Sharing His Food




There was a rich man called Nabal who lived in Maon. He owned 1,000 goats and 3,000 sheep. Nabal had a wife called Abigail. Nabal was bad tempered, unfriendly and mean but Abigail was smart and beautiful.

David always helped to look after Nabal’s sheep as he lived in the wilderness. One day, he heard that Nabal was shearing sheep so he sent some of his men to ask him to share his food. David thought he deserved to get some shares of Nabal’s food because his men helped to watch over the sheep at Carmel. However, Nabal was selfish and refused to share his food. He disregarded David’s help, giving excuse that he did not know who David was.

When the men returned to report to David, David became furious and commanded his men to strap on their swords. There was 400 men that accompanied David to attack Nabal’s household. The rest of the 200 men stayed behind to guard the food supplies.

One servant found out about it and went to inform Abigail that David and his men are coming to attack the entire household. The servant testified that David and his men were helpful in watching over the sheep and not one sheep ever got missing when they were around.


Abigail Saved the Entire Household




Abigail was quick witted. She loaded on the donkey 200 loaves of bread, 2 skins of wine, 5 dressed sheep, 5 seahs of roasted grain, 100 raisin cakes, 200 cakes of pressed figs. Then, she started out in the journey and met David and his men when they were descending into the mountain ravine.

When Abigail met Nabal, she handed over the gifts to him. Then, she asked for David’s forgiveness on behalf of Nabal who refused to share the food with him. David accepted the apology. When Abigail returned home, she found Nabal holding a banquet fit for king. Since Nabal was very drunk, she decided to tell him the next day.

In the next morning, when Nabal was sober, she told him about the news. Nabal got a heart attack and died 10 days later.

When David learned that Nabal has died, he sent messengers to ask Abigail to marry him. Abigail rode her donkey along with 5 female servants and became David’s wife.


What Can We Learn from Nabal and Abigail?




From the story of Nabal and Abigail, we learn that we should not be stingy and selfish with what we have. We should always love others and be generous in sharing every good thing.

I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. (Acts 20:35 KJV)

Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again. (Luke 6:38 KJV)

There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and there is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty. The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself. (Proverbs 11:24-25 KJV)

For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. (Matthew 6:21 KJV)

Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate; Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life. (1 Timothy 6:17-19 KJV)

But this I say, He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. (2 Corinthians 9:6 KJV)

But whoso hath this world’s good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? (1 John 3:17 KJV)

Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard. (Proverbs 21:13 KJV)

Nabal had no gratitude for David and his men. We should always be thankful and show gratitude to the one that help us. Many people are selfish and won’t reciprocate a help.

This is the day which the Lord hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. (Psalm 118:24 KJV)

And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him. (Colossians 3:17 KJV)

O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever. (Psalm 136:1 KJV)

In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you. (1 Thessalonians 5:18 KJV)

Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers (Ephesians 1:16 KJV)

Abigail was wise and knew how to handle the situation quickly without delay. Abigail demonstrate good leadership. A leader in the ministry must be able to react quickly and wisely to handle every situation so that it won’t affect the rest of the congregation.

He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the least is unjust also in much. (Luke 16:10 KJV)

Let all things be done decently and in order. (1 Cirubrguabs 14:40 KJV)

For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints. (1 Corinthians 14:33 KJV)

For though I be absent in the flesh, yet am I with you in the spirit, joying and beholding your order, and the stedfastness of your faith in Christ. (Colossians 2:5 KJV)

There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up. (Proverbs 21:20 KJV)