Bible Study Outline on Samson
Manoah’s Wife Encountered the Angel of the Lord
Manoah and his wife were barren for many years. One day, Manoah’s wife was in the field when the angel of the Lord appeared. The angel of the Lord was not just a mere human being or prophet. Instead, he is the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was not yet born into the world in human form.
The angel told Manoah’s wife that she will conceive and have a son. He gave her instructions not to drink wine or eat unclean food because the child she conceives will be a Nazirite. The boy’s hair is never to be cut off, as the hair is the sign of the covenant between God and him. If his hair is cut off, the presence of God will leave him. The requirements of a Nazirite can be found in Numbers 6:1-21.
Samson is a Type of Christ
Samson represents a type of Christ. Just as Samson was a Nazarite, Jesus Christ was a Nazarene. God consecrated Samson so that he could use him to deliver the Israelite from the Philistines. During those days, the Philistines often invade the land of Israel and oppressed them as a result of their disobedience against God. Samson fought against the Philistines and defeated them on his own instead of with the help of an army. This is the same with Jesus Christ’s attempt to bring salvation for the people of the world on his own.
The Angel of the Lord Appeared Again in the Field
Manoah’s wife returned home to tell her husband everything that happened. Then, her husband prayed for the angel to appear again so that he can teach them how to raise the child when he is born. This shows that Manoah and his wife have a heart to obey God and do his will.
God heard Manoah’s prayer and the angel appeared again when his wife was at the field. She made haste to inform her husband that she had seen the same angel in the field again and Manoah followed her. When Manoah and his wife arrived at the field, Manoah asked the angel how they should raise the child as a Nazirite.
The angel told Manoah to do everything he told his wife, that she and the child are not to drink wine or other types of strong drink, eat unclean thing or eat anything that comes from the vine plant.
Manoah wanted to offer the angel a burnt offering of a young kid, on purpose to make him stay longer. The angel replied if he is to make an offering, he should offer it unto the Lord. Manoah did not know that the angel was the lord. Then, Manoah asked the angel what is his name so that he can mention him when what he prophesied come to pass. The angel refused to reveal his name.
Manoah offered a burnt offering of a kid on the altar. The wondrous thing is that flame came up from the altar and shoot up to heaven as the angel ascended heaven in it. Later, Manoah’s wife conceived and gave birth to a son called Samson.
Samson fell in love with a Philistine woman from Timnah and he asked his parents to get her for him. His parents were angry that he wanted to marry a Philistines, instead of from among his clan. They don’t know that God made Samson fell in love with her so that he can destroy the Philistines. While Samson and his parents were on the way to Timnah, a young lion attacked him and Samson rent it into pieces like a goat kid. On another occasion, he traveled to Timnah with his parents again. On the way, he came upon the carcass of the lion and found honey in it. He gave some to his parents without telling them how he got them.
When he arrived at Timnah, he gave a wedding feast and 30 young men were chosen to be his companions. Samson gave them a riddle. If they cannot come up with the answer in 7 days, they will have to give him 30 linen garments and set of clothes. If they could come up with the answer, he will give them 30 linen garments and sets of clothes.
Samson Set Fire to the Philistines Field
The 30 young men could not come up with the answer and they threatened the bride to tell them the answer. The bride grumbled about it to Samson and kept on nag him until he eventually reveal the answer to the riddle. Samson was angry with the 30 young men who did come up with the answer. He was filled with God’s spirit and he killed 30 Philistines in Ashkelon. After that, he took their clothes and give them to the 30 young men. In anger, Samson returned to his father’s home.
His father in law thought Samson abandoned his daughter and gave her to another man. When Samson came to visit her again, he found out that she had married another man. Samson blamed it all on the fault of the Philistines who attended his wedding. To take vengeance, he caught 300 foxes. Then, he tied torches to every pair of the foxes’ tails. He released the foxes in the standing grain. The fire from the torches burned up the shocks, standing grain, vineyard and olive grove.
Eventually, the Philistines found out that it was Samson who did this and the reason he did it. As revenge, they burned the woman from Timnah and his father. Samson was angry when he found out the Philistines had killed the woman from Timnah and he slaughtered many of them. Then, Samson went to hide in a cave at the rock of Etam.
The Philistines encamped at Lehi to attack Samson. The Israelite had no choice so they went down to the cave to bring Samson to them. Samson agreed to surrendered, but on occasion, that they promised not to kill him. The Israelite bound Samson with two new ropes. As Samson approached the Philistines camp, the Philistines started to shout and he broke free from the rope. He looked around for a weapon, and saw a donkey jaw bone. Samson used the donkey jaw bone to kill 1,000 Philistines. A fresh and moist donkey jawbone is a strong weapon. This may be an example of how Jesus Christ won a large number of followers through the foolishness preaching the good news because only the fool and naïve can believe in the message.
Samson and Delilah
Once again, Samson fell in love with a Philistine woman named Delilah. Delilah was persuaded by the rulers of Philistines to trick Samson into telling his weak point so that they could easily capture him. Delilah kept on nagging Samson. In the fourth time, Samson finally revealed to her that it was his hair that gives him strength. Delilah lulled Samson to sleep and the Philistines came to cut off his hair. Samson thought he could break free easily but his strength is no more because God’s presence had left him.
Samson’s Last Revenge on the Philistines
The Philistines gouged out Samson’s eyes and put him to grind the mill. One day, Samson was brought out to perform for the Philistines. After Samson had performed, he asked a boy to lead him to the pillars of the temple. Samson prayed one last prayer to God, asking him to give him back his strength so that he can take revenge against the Philistines. Then, he pushed the pillars of the temple and the whole temple collapsed. Everyone in the temple died. Samson had killed more Philistines in the temple than when he was alive.
The problem with Samson is that he is worldly and he follows the lust of his flesh. Because of this, he faced many problems. Christians should always put God as priority in their lives instead of following after the lust of their flesh. In whatever you do, you should think whether it meets God’s commandments first (1 John 2:15-17; 2 Timothy 2:22; Galatians 5:16; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Romans 12:1-2).