Why Did Saul Killed the Priests of Nob?
David went to Nob and asked the priest Ahimelek for bread. He gave David the holy bread since there is no ordinary bread at the worship place. When David asked for a sword, Ahimelech gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom he killed at the Valley of Elah. There is only a sword but the sword of Goliath which is wrapped in a cloth and David took it.
The chief shepherd of Saul, Doeg the Edomite was there and witnessed how Ahimalek helped David. Meanwhile, Saul was angry and he rebuked his officials for trying to betray him by siding with David. He thought that his officials had hide from him about the whereabout of David. He told them that they would get nothing if they helpe David but he would make them commanders of hundreds and thousands if they side with him.
At his point, Doeg spoke up about how Ahimelek helped David by inquiring God for him and giving him food and equipping him with the sword of Goliath the Philistines. Saul called Ahimelek and all his family members after hearing Doeg’s report. Ahimelek was confused why it is wrong to help David. Without explaining, Saul commanded his soldiers to kill Ahimelek but they dared not. Then, he commanded Doeg to kill the priest and he did. He put to death 85 priests who wore the linen ephod as well as everyone in the town of Nob. Only one man from Nob managed to escaped and he is the son of Ahimelek son of Ahitub, named Abiathar. Abiathar fled to David and told him everything that had happened.
Saul killed the priests of Nob because he was angry with the priest Ahimelech over helping David. He does not want to see anyone siding with David because he has grudge against him and do not want him to be king of Israel. He knew that David is the future king of Israel because the prophet Samuel had anointed him. The prophet Samuel did told Saul that God has chosen someone to replace him as king because of his rebellion against God. Jealousy can lead people to do terrible things to hurt others. You must never let jealousy get into your heart but always love and be kind to one another.
Saul first became jealous of David when he heard the people saying “Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.” (1 Samuel 18:7 KJV). Saul had tried to kill David many times when he reigned as king in Israel. He was the first king of Israel. He tried to kill David because he was jealous of him and was afraid that he might steal his throne away from him. The Holy Spirit had left Saul because he rebelled against God by offering sacrifices to God on his own without waiting for the prophet Samuel. In another occasion, the prophet Samuel commanded him to kill all the Amalekites. Saul did attack the Amalekites but he King Agag and the best of the livestock live. This made God angry and the prophet Samuel told him that God has chosen another person to become king.
Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good. (Romans 12:21 KJV)
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. (Romans 12:1-2 KJV)
A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another. (John 13:34-35 KJV)
And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these. (Mark 12:31 KJV)
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s sake hath forgiven you. (Ephesians 4:31-32 KJV)
Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another. Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: (Ephesians 4:25-26 KJV)
Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. (James 1:19-20 KJV)
For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you:But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. (Matthew 6:14-15 KJV)
Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the Lord. (Leviticus 19:18 KJV)
Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things. Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you. (Philippians 4:8-9 KJV)
If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well. (James 2:8 KJV)
In the which ye also walked some time, when ye lived in them. But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth. (Colossians 3:7-8 KJV)
And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise. (Luke 6:31 KJV)
For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same. (Romans 13:3 KJV)
Be not thou envious against evil men, neither desire to be with them. (Proverbs 24:1 KJV)
Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways. (Proverbs 3:31 KJV)
Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby: If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious. (1 Peter 2:1-3 KJV)
Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. (1 Corinthians 13:1-7 KJV)
And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity. (1 Corinthians 13:13 KJV)